Hindu Philosophy

Advaita vedanta in Bhagavata Purana

श्रीमद्भागवतमहापुराणम् -द्वादश स्कन्धः
अथ पंचमोऽध्यायः

(अनुष्टुप्)

ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय 

परमार्थापदेशेन राज्ञः परीक्षितो भीतिनिवारणम्
श्रीमद्भागवतपुराणम्

श्रीशुक उवाच –

अत्रानुवर्ण्यतेऽभीक्ष्णं विश्वात्मा भगवान् हरिः।
यस्य प्रसादजो ब्रह्मा रुद्रः क्रोधसमुद्‌भवः॥ १

त्वं तु राजन् मरिष्येति पशुबुद्धिमिमां जहि।
न जातः प्रागभूतोऽद्य देहवत्त्वं न नङ्‌क्ष्यसि॥ २

न भविष्यसि भूत्वा त्वं पुत्रपौत्रादिरूपवान्।
बीजाङ्‌कुरवद् देहादेर्व्यतिरिक्तो यथानलः॥ ३

स्वप्ने यथा शिरश्छेदं पञ्चत्वाद्यात्मनः स्वयम्।
यस्मात् पश्यति देहस्य तत आत्मा ह्यजोऽमरः॥ ४

घटे भिन्ने यथाऽऽकाश आकाशः स्याद् यथा पुरा।
एवं देहे मृते जीवो ब्रह्म सम्पद्यते पुनः॥ ५

मनः सृजति वै देहान् गुणान् कर्माणि चात्मनः।
तन्मनः सृजते माया ततो जीवस्य संसृतिः॥ ६

स्नेहाधिष्ठानवर्त्यग्नि संयोगो यावदीयते।
ततो दीपस्य दीपत्वमेवं देहकृतो भवः।
रजःसत्त्वतमोवृत्त्या जायतेऽथ विनश्यति॥ ७

न तत्रात्मा स्वयंज्योतिर्यो व्यक्ताव्यक्तयोः परः।
आकाश इव चाधारो ध्रुवोऽनन्तोपमस्ततः॥ ८

एवमात्मानमात्मस्थमात्मनैवामृश प्रभो।
बुद्ध्यानुमानगर्भिण्या वासुदेवानुचिन्तया॥ ९

चोदितो विप्रवाक्येन न त्वां धक्ष्यति तक्षकः।
मृत्यवो नोपधक्ष्यन्ति मृत्यूनां मृत्युमीश्वरम्॥ १०

अहं ब्रह्म परं धाम ब्रह्माहं परमं पदम्।
एवं समीक्षन्नात्मानमात्मन्याधाय निष्कले॥ ११

दशन्तं तक्षकं पादे लेलिहानं विषाननैः।
न द्रक्ष्यसि शरीरं च विश्वं च पृथगात्मनः॥ १२

एतत्ते कथितं तात यदाऽऽत्मा पृष्टवान् नृप।
हरेर्विश्वात्मनश्चेष्टां किं भूयः श्रोतुमिच्छसि॥ १३


SOURCE:- श्रीमद्‍भागवते महापुराणे पारमहंस्यां संहितायां द्वादशस्कन्धे ब्रह्मोपदेशो नाम पंचमोऽध्यायः


Goudiya (Viswanath Chakravarty) Explanation

Verse 1- Sukadeva Gosvami said: This Srimad Bhagavatam describes the Supreme Soul of all existence – the Personality of Godhead, Hari, from whose peace Brahma is born, and from anger – Rudra.

PURPORT In his commentary on this verse, Srila Viswanath Cakravarty Thakura gives a detailed account of the essence of Srimad-Bhagavatam. The main point of the acarya is that the supreme perfection of life is unconditional loving surrender to the Supreme Lord, Krishna, as described by Sukadeva Gosvami. The only purpose of Srimad-Bhagavatam is to convince the conditioned souls to surrender to the Lord and return home, back to Godhead.

Verse 2-O king, you must not think, like an animal, “I am going to die.” Unlike the body, you were never born. There was no time when you did not exist, and now you too will not die.

PURPORT At the end of the First Canto (1.19.15), King Pariksit said: tam mopayatam pratiyantu vipra ganga ca devi dhrta-cittam ise dvijopasrshtah kuhakas takshako va dashatv alam gayata visnu-gathah

“O brahmanas, consider me a fully surrendered soul, and may Mother Ganga, representing the Lord, treat me in the same way, for I have already placed the Lord’s lotus feet in my heart. Let the flying serpent or any other magical creation – whatever the brahmana has created – immediately bite me. All I want is for all of you to continue chanting the activities of Lord Vishnu. “

Even before King Pariksit heard Srimad-Bhagavatam, he was already a maha-bhagavata, the greatest pure devotee of Lord Krsna. In fact, the king had no animal fear of death, but for our benefit Sukadeva Gosvami is very strict with his disciple, just as in the Bhagavad-gita Lord Krishna is harshly chastising Arjuna.

Verse 3 – Do not think that you will be born again in the form of sons and grandchildren, like a sprout that arises from a seed and then gives birth to a new seed. No, you have nothing to do with the material body and its products, just as fire has nothing to do with wood.

PURPORT Some people dream of being the son of their own children in order to remain in the same material family all the time. As stated in the sruti mantra, pita putrena pitrman yoni-yonau: “A son can become a father to his father, for he can be born as his own grandson.” Srimad-Bhagavatam leads the reader to spiritual liberation, not to meaninglessly maintaining the illusion of bodily identity, and this verse leaves no doubt about that.

Verse 4 – In a dream, a person can see how his head is cut off, and thus understand that his true “I” has nothing to do with what is happening in the dream. In the same way, in the waking state, a person is able to understand that his body is generated by five material elements, therefore, in fact, our true “I”, an immortal and never born soul, is different from the body that it contemplates.

Verse 5- When the pot is broken, the part of the space that was contained in the pot remains the same space as before. Similarly, when the gross and subtle bodies die, the living entity in them returns to the spiritual state again.

Verse 6 -The material mind gives rise to material bodies, qualities and activities of the naturally spiritual living entity. The mind itself is created by the illusory energy of the Supreme Lord. This is where the material existence of the soul begins.

Verse 7-The lamp becomes a lamp only when oil, vessel, wick and fire are combined together. Similarly, material life, based on the bodily identity of the soul, arises and is annihilated by the action of the material modes of goodness, passion and ignorance that make up the body.

Verse 8-The self-luminous soul that dwells within the body is different from the visible gross and invisible subtle bodies. It always remains the unchanging basis for infinitely changing bodies, just as the ether always remains the unchanged basis for all transformations of matter. Thus, the soul is immortal and cannot be compared with anything material.

Verse 9-My dear king, by constantly contemplating on the Supreme Lord Vasudeva and maintaining this meditation with a clear, logical mind, you should understand the nature of your consciousness, which is now residing in a material body.

Verse 10-The flying serpent Takshaka, sent upon you by the curse of a brahmana, cannot burn your real self. The messengers of death are powerless before people who, like you, have taken possession of themselves. Know that you have already overcome all obstacles on your way back to Godhead.

PURPORT Real death is forgetting one’s eternal consciousness, Krishna consciousness. For the soul, material illusion is like death, but Maharaja Pariksit has already freed himself from lust, envy, fear and all other dangers that threaten a person’s spiritual life. In this verse, Sukadeva Gosvami congratulates the great saintly king who, being a pure devotee of Lord Krishna preparing to return home to the spiritual world, was not subject to death.

Verses 11-12-You should think, “By nature, I am nondifferent from the Absolute Truth, the supreme abode, and this Absolute Truth, the supreme goal, is nondifferent from me.” Thus, having surrendered yourself to the Supreme Soul, which is free from false material self-identifications, you will not even notice how the flying serpent Takshaka, with its poisonous fangs, screams at your foot. You will not see either your dying body or the material world around you, for you have understood your difference from them.

Verse 13-Dear King Pariksit, I have told you what you were asking about – the activities of Lord Hari, the Supreme Soul of the universe. What else do you want to hear?

PURPORT In his commentary on this verse Srila Jiva Gosvami, quoting numerous quotations from the Bhagavatam, describes in detail the exalted position of King Pariksit, a devotee who firmly decided to fix his mind on Lord Krishna and return home, back to Godhead.


Categories: Hindu Philosophy

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