Arthur Schopenhauer on the Christian System

When the Church says that, in the dogmas of religion, reason is totally incompetent and blind, and its use to be reprehended, it is in reality attesting the fact that these dogmas are allegorical in their nature, and are not to be judged by the standard which reason, taking all things sensu proprio, can alone apply. Now the absurdities of a dogma are just the mark and sign of what is allegorical and mythical in it. In the case under consideration, however, the absurdities spring from the fact that two such heterogeneous doctrines as those of the Old and New Testaments had to be combined.

The great allegory was of gradual growth. Suggested by external and adventitious circumstances, it was developed by the interpretation put upon them, an interpretation in quiet touch with certain deep-lying truths only half realized. The allegory was finally completed by Augustine, who penetrated deepest into its meaning, and so was able to conceive it as a systematic whole and supply its defects. Hence the Augustinian doctrine, confirmed by Luther, is the complete form of Christianity; and the Protestants of to-day, who take Revelation sensu proprio and confine it to a single individual, are in error in looking upon the first beginnings of Christianity as its most perfect expression. But the bad thing about all religions is that, instead of being able to confess their allegorical nature, they have to conceal it; accordingly, they parade their doctrine in all seriousness as true sensu proprio, and as absurdities form an essential part of these doctrines, you have the great mischief of a continual fraud.

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Theology of the Persian Nestorian Church


Of  Mar Babai the Great in the sixth century CE

One is Christ the Son of God,
Worshiped by all in two natures;
In His Godhead begotten of the Father,
Without beginning before all time;
In His humanity born of Mary,
In the fullness of time, in a body united;
Neither His Godhead is of the nature of the mother,
Nor His humanity of the nature of the Father;
The natures are preserved in their Qnumas(hypostasis),
In one person of one Sonship.
And as the Godhead is three substances in one nature,
Likewise the Sonship of the Son is in two natures, one person.
So the Holy Church has taught.


Syro-Malabar Church and Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

Syro-Malabar Church and Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, both are the branches of the Vatican controlled Catholic Church in India is headed by a Major Archbishop and ratified by Pope from the Vatican Administration. The Syrian Malankara Catholic Church was established on 20 September 1930 by Geevarghese Ivanios and submitted to Pope. Pope Pius XI, through the Apostolic Constitution Christo Pastorum Principi of 11 June 1932, established the Syro-Malankara hierarchy in Kerala.

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Last amended in 2006 


1 The Malankara Church is a division of the Orthodox Syrian Church. The Primate of the Orthodox Syrian Church is the Patriarch of Antioch.

2 The Malankara Church was founded by St.Thomas the Apostle and is included in the Orthodox Syrian Church of the East and the Primate of the Orthodox Syrian Church of the East is the Catholicos.

3 The ancient and the real name of the Malankara Church is the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church although it is also wrongly called ‘The Jacobite Church’, for the same reason for which the Orthodox Syrian Church has been also called so.

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The Sacrament: John Calvin: 1537



This chapter consists of two principal parts—

I. Of sacraments in general. The sum of the doctrine stated,  Two classes of opponents to be guarded against—viz. those who undervalue the power of the sacraments,  and those who attribute too much to the sacraments, sec.

II. Of the sacraments in particular, both of the Old and the New Testament. Their scope and meaning. Refutation of those who have either too high or too low ideas of the sacraments.

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The 95 Theses: Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology

Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology, and ordinary lecturer therein at Wittenberg, intends to defend the following statements and to dispute on them in that place. Therefore he asks that those who cannot be present and dispute with him orally shall do so in their absence by letter. In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, Amen.

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Legal history at the time of advent of Christianity in Roman empire: Theodore Frank Thomas Plucknett


For the purposes of this concise history we can begin with the advent of Christianity. Itself the culmination of several centuries of religious and ethical thinking in Judaea, it entered a world which was dominated by legal and political ideas which were in turn the result of centuries of political and juristic experience. Rome had reached the peak of its greatness. An Empire which spread over the entire civilised world, and which owed so much to the ideas of law and of government, seemed to be almost a revelation of the divine mission of the State. Government was the sacred destiny of the Roman people. To others might be left the vocations of art, of literature, of science; Roman’s part was to rule the nations, to impose the Roman peace and respect for law upon the barbarian, sparing the submissive with statesmanlike tolerance, and crushing resistance with ruthless force. This immense Empire had been acquired through the energy of Roman armies, and preserved by the diligence of Roman administrators, but the time came when both services betrayed their master.

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to the most glorious king ceolwulph, bede, the servant of christ and priest

I formerly, at your request, most readily transmitted to you the Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation, which I had newly published, for you to read, and give it your approbation; and I now send it again to be transcribed, and more fully considered at your leisure. And I cannot but commend the sincerity and zeal, with which you not only diligently give ear to hear the words of the Holy Scripture, but also industriously take care to become acquainted with the actions and sayings of former men of renown, especially of our own nation. For if history relates good things of good men, the attentive hearer is excited to imitate that which is good; or if it mentions evil things of wicked persons, nevertheless the religious and pious hearer or reader, shunning that which is hurtful and perverse, is the more earnestly excited to perform those things which he knows to be good, and worthy of God. Of which you also being deeply sensible, are desirous that the said history should be more fully made familiar to yourself, and to those over whom the Divine Authority has appointed you governor, from your great regard to their general welfare. But to the end that I may remove all occasion of doubting what I have written, both from yourself and other readers or hearers of this history, I will take care briefly to intimate from what authors I chiefly learned the same.

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Apocryphal Books in Bible

1 Esdras
2 Esdras
Additions to Esther
Wisdom of Solomon
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)
Letter of Jeremiah (Baruch 6)
Additions to Daniel (The Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Young Men, part of Daniel 3 in the Catholic Bible)
Susanna (Daniel 13 in the Catholic Bible)
Bel and the Dragon (Daniel 14 in the Catholic Bible)
Prayer of Manassheh
1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees

Early Christian Writings

  1. Act of Peter
  2. Acts of Andrew
  3. Acts of Apollonius
  4. Acts of Carpus
  5. Acts of John
  6. Acts of Paul
  7. Acts of Perpetua and Felicitas
  8. Acts of Peter
  9. Acts of Peter and the Twelve
  10. Acts of Pilate
  11. Acts of the Apostles
  12. Acts of Thomas
  13. Allogenes, the Stranger
  14. Ammonius of Alexandria
  15. Anonymous AntiMontanist
  16. AntiMarcionite Prologues
  17. Apelles
  18. Apocalypse of Adam
  19. Apocalypse of Paul
  20. Apocalypse of Peter
  21. Apocalypse of Thomas
  22. Apocryphon of John
  23. Apollonius
  24. Apology of Aristides
  25. Apostolic Church Order
  26. Aristo of Pella
  27. Arnobius of Sicca
  28. Ascension of Isaiah
  29. Athenagoras of Athens
  30. Authoritative Teaching
  31. Bardesanes
  32. Basilides
  33. Book of Elchasai
  34. Book of Hebrews
  35. Book of Thomas the Contender
  36. Books of Jeu
  37. Caius
  38. Callistus
  39. Celsus
  40. Christian Sibyllines
  41. Claudius Apollinaris
  42. Clement
  43. Clement
  44. Clement of Alexandria
  45. Colossians
  46. Commodian
  47. Concept of Our Great Power
  48. Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah
  49. Coptic Apocalypse of Paul
  50. Coptic Apocalypse of Peter
  51. Corinthians
  52. Corinthians
  53. Cyprian
  54. De Recta in Deum Fide
  55. Dialogue Between John and Jesus
  56. Dialogue of the Savior
  57. Diatessaron
  58. Didache
  59. Didascalia
  60. Dionysius of Alexandria
  61. Dionysius of Corinth
  62. Dionysius of Rome
  63. Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth
  64. DuraEuropos Gospel Harmony
  65. Egerton Gospel
  66. Ephesians
  67. Epiphanes On Righteousness
  68. Epistle of Barnabas
  69. Epistle of James
  70. Epistle of Jude
  71. Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus
  72. Epistle to the Laodiceans
  73. Epistula Apostolorum
  74. Eugnostos the Blessed
  75. Eusebius of Caesarea
  76. Excerpt from the Perfect Discourse
  77. Excerpts of Theodotus
  78. Exegesis on the Soul
  79. Fayyum Fragment
  80. Fifth and Sixth Books of Esra
  81. Firmilian of Caesarea
  82. Flavius Josephus
  83. Freer Logion
  84. Fronto
  85. Galatians
  86. Galen
  87. Genna Marias
  88. Gospel of Eve
  89. Gospel of Gamaliel
  90. Gospel of John
  91. Gospel of Judas
  92. Gospel of Luke
  93. Gospel of Mani
  94. Gospel of Mark
  95. Gospel of Mary
  96. Gospel of Matthew
  97. Gospel of Perfection
  98. Gospel of Peter
  99. Gospel of Philip
  100. Gospel of the Ebionites
  101. Gospel of the Egyptians
  102. Gospel of the Hebrews
  103. Gospel of the Nazoreans
  104. Gospel of the Savior
  105. Gospel of Thomas
  106. Gospel of Truth
  107. Gregory Thaumaturgus
  108. Hegesippus
  109. Heracleon
  110. Hesychius
  111. Hippolytus of Rome
  112. Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit
  113. Hypostasis of the Archons
  114. Hypsiphrone
  115. Ignatius of Antioch
  116. Infancy Gospel of James
  117. Infancy Gospel of Thomas
  118. Inscription of Abercius
  119. Interpretation of Knowledge
  120. Irenaeus of Lyons
  121. Isidore
  122. John
  123. John
  124. John
  125. Julius Cassianus
  126. Justin Martyr
  127. Kerygmata Petrou
  128. Lactantius
  129. Letter from Vienna and Lyons
  130. Letter of Peter to Philip
  131. Letters of Paul and Seneca
  132. Lost Sayings Gospel Q
  133. Lucian of Antioch
  134. Lucian of Samosata
  135. Manichean Acts of Leucius Charinus
  136. Mara Bar Serapion
  137. Marcion
  138. Marcus Aurelius
  139. Marsanes
  140. Martyrdom of Polycarp
  141. Maximus of Jerusalem
  142. Melchizedek
  143. Melito of Sardis
  144. Methodius
  145. Monarchian Prologues
  146. Muratorian Canon
  147. Naassene Fragment
  148. nd Apocalypse of James
  149. Novatian
  150. Octavius of Minucius Felix
  151. Odes of Solomon
  152. On the Origin of the World
  153. Ophite Diagrams
  154. Origen
  155. Oxyrhynchus Gospel
  156. Oxyrhynchus Gospel
  157. Pamphilus of Caesarea
  158. Pantaenus
  159. Papias
  160. Paraphrase of Shem
  161. Passion Narrative
  162. Passion of the Scillitan Martyrs
  163. Peter
  164. Peter
  165. Peter of Alexandria
  166. Philemon
  167. Philippians
  168. Philostratus
  169. Pierius
  170. Pistis Sophia
  171. Pliny the Younger
  172. Polycarp to the Philippians
  173. Polycrates of Ephesus
  174. Pope Cornelius
  175. Pope Felix
  176. Pope Stephen
  177. Prayer of Thanksgiving
  178. Prayer of the Apostle Paul
  179. Preaching of Paul
  180. Preaching of Peter
  181. PseudoClementine Homilies
  182. PseudoClementine Recognitions
  183. Ptolemy
  184. Quadratus of Athens
  185. Questions of Mary
  186. Reticius of Autun
  187. Revelation
  188. Rhodon
  189. Romans
  190. Second Discourse of Great Seth
  191. Secret Book of James
  192. Secret Mark
  193. Sentences of Sextus
  194. Serapion of Antioch
  195. Shepherd of Hermas
  196. Signs Gospel
  197. Sophia of Jesus Christ
  198. st Apocalypse of James
  199. Suetonius
  200. Tacitus
  201. Talmud
  202. Tatian’s Address to the Greeks
  203. Teachings of Silvanus
  204. Tertullian
  205. Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs
  206. Testimony of Truth
  207. Theognostus
  208. Theophilus of Antioch
  209. Theophilus of Caesarea
  210. Thessalonians
  211. Thessalonians
  212. Thought of Norea
  213. Three Steles of Seth
  214. Thunder, Perfect Mind
  215. Timothy
  216. Timothy
  217. Titus
  218. Traditions of Matthias
  219. Treatise on the Resurrection
  220. Trimorphic Protennoia
  221. Tripartite Tractate
  222. Valentinian Exposition
  223. Valentinus
  224. Victor I
  225. Victorinus of Pettau
  226. Zostrianos

Gospel of Thomas
Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel
Egerton Gospel
Gospel of Peter
Secret Mark
Gospel of Egyptians
Gospel of Hebrews
Apocalypse of Peter
Secret Book of James
Preaching of Peter
Gospel of Ebionites
Gospel of Nazoreans
Oxyrhynchus 840 Gospel
Traditions of Matthias
Gospel of Mary
Dialogue of Savior
Gospel of Savior
Epistula Apostolorum
Infancy Gospel of James
Infancy Gospel of Thomas
Acts of Peter
Acts of John
Acts of Paul
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Peter and Twelve
Book of Thomas Contender
Acts of Thomas