Elections in England-Tories and Whigs-Karl Marx 06/08/1852

What, then, distinguishes them from the Tories? The Whigs are the aristocratic representatives of the bourgeoisie, of the industrial and commercial middle class. Under the condition that the Bourgeoisie should abandon to them, to an oligarchy of aristocratic families, the monopoly of government and the exclusive possession of office, they make to the middle class, and assist it in conquering, all those concessions, which in — the course of social and political development — have shown themselves to have become unavoidable and undelayable.

Electoral Commission Act-1877

AN ACT to provide for and regulate the counting of votes for President and Vice President, and the decision of questions arising thereon, for the term commencing March fourth, anno Domini eighteen hundred and seventy-seven

Voting in UK- Secret ballot has been introduced in 1872

Four types of elections in the UK use the STV system. The secret ballot has been the cornerstone of voting in the UK since 1872. Requiring votes to be cast in the privacy of the polling booth helps protect against influence and corruption, by preventing attempts to verify how a vote was cast.

Sale of Electoral Bonds through Authorised Branches of SBI

Only the Political Parties registered under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) and which secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last General Election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State, shall be eligible to receive the Electoral Bonds. The Electoral Bonds shall be encashed by an eligible Political Party only through a Bank account with the Authorized Bank.

গণভোট আইন ১৯৯১ – Bangladesh

গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশের সংবিধানের প্রস্ত্মাবনার অথবা ৮, ৪৮, ৫৬, ৫৮, ৮০, ৯২ক বা ১৪২ অনুচ্ছেদ সংশোধনের ব্যবস্থা করিয়া কোন বিল উক্ত সংবিধানের ১৪২(১) অনুচ্ছেদ অনুযায়ী সংসদে গৃহীত হইবার পর উহাতে রাষ্ট্রপতি সম্মতিদান করিবেন কি করিবেন না এই প্রশ্নটি যাচাইয়ের জন্য গণভোটের বিধান প্রণয়নকল্পে প্রণীত আইন৷


It shall be mandatory for political parties [at the Central and State election level] to upload on their website detailed information regarding individuals with pending criminal cases (including the nature of the offences, and relevant particulars such as whether charges have been framed, the concerned Court, the case number etc.) who have been selected as candidates, along with the reasons for such selection, as also as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates.

SC requested Governor of Maharashtra to ensure that a floor test be held on 27.11.2019

Pro­tem Speaker shall be solely appointed for the aforesaid agenda immediately. All the elected members shall take oath on 27.11.2019, which exercise should be completed before 5:00 p.m. Immediately thereafter, the Pro­tem Speaker shall conduct the floor test in order to ascertain whether the Respondent No. 3 has the majority, and these proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with law. The floor test will not be conducted by secret ballot. The proceedings have to be live telecast, and appropriate arrangements are to be made to ensure the same.

Burden of proof in election cases

Appreciation of evidence and burden of proof in election cases-In our country, election is a fairly costly and expensive venture and the Representation of People Act has provided sufficient safeguards to make the elections fair and free. In these circumstances, therefore, election results cannot be lightly brushed aside in election disputes.

Indian election glossary

1. Assistant Electoral Registration Officer: The Election Commission may appoint one or more persons as Assistant Electoral Registration Officers to assist an Electoral Registration Officer to prepare the electoral roll of the Constituency under his charge. Every Assistant Electoral Registration Officer shall, subject…

Before upsetting an election, the Court ought to be satisfied beyond all doubt that the election is void

The law in England is that even 'if the petitioner claims the seat or office, but the respondent does not oppose the petition, the petition ought to proceed to trial as the rights of the constituency or electoral area are…