Statement on Symbols, Myths and Religious Sense in Humans Since Beginning – Pontifical Academy of Sciences (28/10/2021)

But whether this sense is 10 million years old, 3 million years old or 500,000 years old, “one fine day” (which can be of a certain, progressive, duration), a “soul (ἡ ψυχὴ τὰ ὄντα πώς ἐστι πάντα)” (Aristotle, De anima, 431 b 20) does emerge from a long history of 14 billion years of Matter and 4 billion years of Life, giving unity to the Hominidae family whom, despite its hitherto unsuspected antiquity, we can thus call Human.

Religion and Doctrines

Apostolic charity–Body of Christ–Buddha–Christian doctrines–Christian religion–Church–Core Hinduttva–Dasam Granth–Hindu Religion–Sanatan Dharma–Gita–God–Hebrew–Human Nature–Islam–Jews–Mahabharat–New Testament– Orthodox Church–Puranas(पुराण)–Quran– Rig Veda(ऋग्वेद)-Summa Theologica–Tantra–Theology –Vaishnavism–Vedanta

Jesus vs Muhammad

Jesus of Faith Muhammad of History 1. Jesus was born of a virgin. (Matthew 1:18-25) 1. Muhammad was born of a normal woman. (Ibn Hisham pp. 68-69) 2. Jesus served God as a child. (Luke 2:39-52) 2. Muhammad was and…

Meaning of Revelation and Faith

In spite of the immense intellectual investment that has been going into the various attempts to demonstrate the existence of God, the conclusion which many have reached that this is indemonstrable agrees both with the contemporary philosophical understanding of the nature and limits of logical proof and with the biblical understanding of our knowledge of God.

Problems of Religious Language

Indeed, the basic criticism that has been made of the Neo-Wittgensteinian theory of religious language is that it is not (as it professes to be) an account of normal or ordinary religious language use but rather is a proposal for a radical new interpretation of religious utterances. In this new interpretation, religious expressions are systematically deprived of the cosmic implications that they have always been assumed to have.

Judaic-Christian Concept of God

The "Old Testament" (which constitutes the sacred writings of Judaism and, along with the New Testament, the sacred writings of Christianity) documents the rise of monotheism in constant but never fully resolved struggle with polytheism and henotheism. The God of the Hebrews was originally worshiped as a tribal god, Jahweh of Israel, over against such foreign deities as Dagon of the Philistines and Chemosh of the Moabites.

Religions of the Utopians-Thomas More’s Utopia 1515

one Supreme Being that made and governs the world, whom they call, in the language of their country, Mithras. They differ in this: that one thinks the god whom he worships is this Supreme Being, and another thinks that his idol is that god; but they all agree in one principle, that whoever is this Supreme Being, He is also that great essence to whose glory and majesty all honours are ascribed by the consent of all nations.


Confession of sins hath been authorised in all times and in all nations. The ancients accused themselves in the mysteries of Orpheus, of Isis, of Ceres, of Samothrace. The Jews confessed their sins on the day of solemn expiation, and still continue the same practice. Each penitent chuses his confessor, who becomes his penitent in turn, and each receives from his companion thirty-nine lashes whilst he is repeating, three times, the formule of confession, which consists only in thirteen words, and which consequently must be general.

Advancing International Religious Freedom- US Presidential Executive Order 2020

Religious communities and organizations, and other institutions of civil society, are vital partners in United States Government efforts to advance religious freedom around the world. It is the policy of the United States to engage robustly and continually with civil society organizations—including those in foreign countries—to inform United States Government policies, programs, and activities related to international religious freedom.

Why I Am Not a Christian: Bertrand Russell-1927

Religion is based, I think, primarily and mainly upon fear. It is partly the terror of the unknown, and partly, as I have said, the wish to feel that you have a kind of elder brother who will stand by you in all your troubles and disputes. Fear is the basis of the whole thing—fear of the mysterious, fear of defeat, fear of death.

দেবতায় মনুষ্যত্ব আরোপ-রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর Devatai Manusatta Arop-Rabindranath

গ্রীসীয়গণ এমন অসভ্য ছিল যে, কুটুম্ব মাংস ভক্ষণ করিত, অথবা কুটুম্ব মাংস ভক্ষণ করা অন্যায় মনে করিত না? রজনী ও প্রভাত সম্বন্ধে এক সমস্যা শুনিয়াছিলাম, যে, জন্মাইয়া মাকে সন্তান খাইয়া ফেলিতেছে। উপরি-উক্ত গ্রীসীয় কাহিনীও কি সেরূপ কোনো একটা রূপকমূলক হইতে পারে না? যদি ইহা সত্য হয় যে, গ্রীসীয়গণ কুটুম্বকে ভক্ষণ করিত না ও কুটুম্ব ভক্ষণ করা পাপ মনে করিত, তবে তাহাদের দেবতাদের কেন কুটুম্ব মাংসে প্রবৃত্তি জন্মিল। যদি বল, অসভ্য অবস্থায় এককালে হয়তো গ্রীসীয়গণ আত্মীয়দিগকে উদরসাৎ করিয়া অধিকতর আত্মীয় করিত, সেই সময়েই উক্ত কাহিনীর আরম্ভ হয়—তবে, যখন সভ্য অবস্থায় গ্রীসীয়দের সে বিষয়ে মত ও আচরণ পরিবর্তিত হইল, তখন তাহাদের বিশ্বাসও পরিবর্তিত হইল না কেন?

Lautsi and Others v. Italy -ECHR 18/03/2011

Dissenting opinion-Effective protection of the rights guaranteed by Article 2 of Protocol No. 1 and Article 9 of the Convention requires States to observe the strictest denominational neutrality. This is not limited to the school curriculum, but also extends to “the school environment”. As primary and secondary schooling are compulsory, the State should not impose on pupils, against their will and without their being able to extract themselves, the symbol of a religion with which they do not identify. In doing so, the respondent Government have violated Article 2 of Protocol No. 1 and Article 9 of the Convention.