Why there are Synoptic Gospels

The purpose of the Synoptic [ Latin: synopticus; Greek: συνοπτικός ] study of the gospel is to show the basic differences amongst the gospel narratives. Some constituent Jesus narratives are completely missed in the gospel of John. Whereas the first three narratives are to show emotive aspects of the Jesus of Nazareth, on the other hand, the purpose of John is to prepare the philosophical base, taking materials from Greek philosophers and to describe Christ, the Son of God. So, we have four εὐαγγέλιον, Evangelion, meaning “good news”. Then what is the ‘good news’ – that Jesus Came back from Death.

1. Preface

Pericope Matthew

Jesus of Nazareth, son of Devid

Mark

Jesus of Nazareth, son of Devid

Luke

Jesus of Nazareth, son of Devid

John

Christ, the Son of God

Prologue 1:1 1:1 1:1-4 1:1-18

2. Birth and Childhood

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Promise of the Birth of John the Baptist 1:5-25
The Annunciation 1:26-38
Mary’s Visit to Elizabeth 1:39-56
The Birth of John the Baptist 1:57-80
The Genealogy of Jesus 1:2-17 3:23-38 John simply dropped Jesus from the sky
The Birth of Jesus 1:18-25 2:1-7 John simply dropped Jesus from the sky
The Adoration of the Infant Jesus 2:1-12 2:8-20
The Circumcision and Presentation in the Temple 2:21-38
The Flight into Egypt and Return 2:13-21
The Childhood of Jesus at Nazareth 2:22-23 2:39-40
The Boy Jesus in the Temple 2:41-52

3. Preparation

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
John the Baptist 3:1-6 1:2-6 3:1-6 1:19-23
John’s Preaching of Repentance 3:7-10 3:7-9
John Preaching and Replies to Questioners 3:10-14
John’s Messianic Preaching 3:11-12 1:7-8 3:15-18 1:24-28
The Imprisonment of John 14:3-4 6:17-18 3:19-20
The Baptism of Jesus 3:13-17 1:9-11 3:21-22 1:29-34
The Genealogy of Jesus 1:1-17 3:23-38
The Temptation 4:1-11 1:12-13 4:1-13

4. The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (According to John)

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Call of the First Disciples 1:35-51
The Marriage at Cana 2:1-11
The Sojourn at Capernaum 2:12
The First Journey to Jerusalem 2:13
The First Cleansing of the Temple 2:14-22
Jesus’ Ministry in Jerusalem 2:23-25
The Discourse with Nicodemus 3:1-21
Jesus’ Ministry in Judea 3:22
John’s Testimony to Christ 3:23-36

5. Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Journey into Galilee 4:12 1:14a 4:14a 4:1-3
The Discourse with the Woman of Samaria 4:4-42
Ministry in Galilee 4:13-17 1:14b-15 4:14b-15 4:43-46a
Jesus’ Preaching at Nazareth 13:53-58 6:1-6a 4:16-30
The Call of the Disciples 4:18-22 1:16-20
Teaching in the Synagogue at Capernaum 1:21-22 4:31-32
Healing of the Demoniac in the Synagogue 1:23-28 4:33-37
The Healing of Peter’s Mother-in-law 8:14-15 1:29-31 4:38-39
The Sick Healed at Evening 8:16-17 1:32-34 4:40-41
Jesus Departs from Capernaurn 1:35-38 4:42-43
First Preaching Tour in Galilee 4:23 1:39 4:44
The Miraculous Catch of Fish 5:1-11
The Cleansing of the Leper 8:1-4 1:40-45 5:12-16
The Healing of the Paralytic 9:1-8 2:1-12 5:17-26 5:8-9a
The Call of Levi (Matthew) 9:9-13 2:13-17 5:27-32
The Question about Fasting 9:14-17 2:18-22 5:33-39
Plucking Grain on the Sabbath 12:1-8 2:23-28 6:1-5
The Man with the Withered Hand 12:9-14 3:1-6 6:6-11
Jesus Heals Multitudes by the Sea 4:24-25
12:15-16
3:7-12 6:17-19
The Choosing of the Twelve 10:1-4 3:13-19 6:12-16

6. The Sermon on the Mount (According to Matthew)

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Occasion of the Sermon 4:24-5:2 3:7-13a 6:17-20a
The Beatitudes 5:3-12 6:20b-23
The Salt of the Earth 5:13 9:49-50 14:34-35
The Light of the World 5:14-16 4:21 8:16
On the Law and the Prophets 5:17-20 16:16-17
On Murder and Anger 5:21-26 12:57-59
On Adultery and Divorce 5:27-32 9:43-48 16:18
On Swearing and Oaths 5:33-37
On Retaliation 5:38-42 6:29-30
On Love of One’s Enemies 5:43-48 6:27-28
6:32-36
On Almsgiving 6:1-4
On Prayer 6:5-6
The Lord’s Prayer 6:7-15 11:25 11:1-4
On Fasting 6:16-18
On Treasures 6:19-21 12:33-34
The Sound Eye 6:22-23 11:34-36
On Serving Two Masters 6:24 16:13
On Anxiety 6:25-34 12:22-32
On Judging 7:1-5 4:24-25 6:37-42
On Profaning the Holy 7:6
God’s Answering of Prayer 7:7-11 11:9-13
The Golden Rule 7:12 6:31
The Straight and Narrow and Wide Broad Gate 7:13-14 13:23-24
The Test of a Good Person, “By their Fruits” 7:15-20
12:33-35
6:43-45
Not Every One who “Says Lord, Lord” shall Enter into the Kingdom 7:21-23 6:46
13:25-27
The House Built upon the Rock 7:24-27 6:47-49
The End and the Effect of the Sermon 7:28-29 1:21-22

7. The Sermon on the Plain (According to Luke)

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Occasion of the Sermon 4:24-5:2 3:7-13a 6:17-20a
The Beatitudes 5:3-12 6:20b-23
The Woes 6:24-26
On Love of One’s Enemies 5:38-48 6:27-36
On Judging 7:1-5 4:24-25 6:37-42
The Test of a Good Person, “By their Fruits” 7:15-20
12:33-35
6:43-45
The House Built upon the Rock 7:21-27 6:46-49

8. Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee Continued

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Healing and Cleansing of the Leper 8:1-4 1:40-45 5:12-16
The Centurion of Capernaum and his Servant 8:5-13 7:30 7:1-10
13:28-29
4:46b-54
The Widow’s Son at Nain 7:11-17
The Healing of Peter’s Mother-in-law 8:14-15 1:29-31 4:38-39
The Sick Healed at Evening 8:16-17 1:32-34 4:40-41
On Following Jesus, the Would-be Followers 8:18-22 9:57-62
Stilling the Storm 8:23-27 4:35-41 8:22-25
The Gadarene Demoniacs 8:28-34 5:1-20 8:26-39
The Healing of the Paralytic 9:1-8 2:1-12 5:17-26 5:8-9a
The Call of Levi (Matthew) 9:9-13 2:13-17 5:27-32
The Question about Fasting 9:14-17 2:18-22 5:33-39
Jairus’ Daughter and the Woman with a Hemorrhage 9:18-26 5:21-43 8:40-56
Two Blind Men Healed 9:27-31
20:29-34
10:46-52 18:35-43
The Dumb Demoniac Healed 9:32-34
12:22-24
3:22 11:14-15
The Harvest is Great 9:35-38 6:6b
6:34
8:1
10:2
Commissioning the Twelve 10:1-16 6:7-11
3:13-19
6:12-16
9:1-6
10:3
The Coming Fate and Persecution of the Disciples 10:17-25
24:9-14
13:9-13 6:40
12:11-12
21:12-19
13:16
Exhortation to Fearless Confession 10:26-33 12:2-9
Divisions within Households 10:34-36 12:51-53
Conditions of Discipleship 10:37-39 14:25-27
17:33
12:25
Rewards of Discipleship 10:40-42 9:41 10:16 13:20
Continuation of Journey 11:1
John the Baptist’s Question and Jesus’ Answer 11:2-6 7:18-23
Jesus’ Witness concerning John 11:7-19 7:24-35
16:16
Woes Pronounced on Galilean Cities 11:20-24 10:12-15
Jesus’ Thanksgiving to the Father 11:25-27 10:21-22
“Come unto Me” 11:28-30
Plucking Grain on the Sabbath 12:1-8 2:23-28 6:1-5
Healing the Withered Hand 12:9-14 3:1-6 6:6-11
Jesus Heals Multitudes by the Sea 12:15-21 3:7-12 6:17-19
The Woman with the Ointment 26:6-13 14:3-9 7:36-50 12:1-8
The Ministering Women 8:1-3
Jesus is Thought to be Beside Himself 3:20-21
On Collusion with Satan 12:22-30
9:32-34
3:22-27 11:14-15
11:17-23
The Sin against the Holy Spirit 12:31-37
7:16-20
3:28-30 12:10
6:43-45
Against Seeking Signs, the Sign of Jonah 12:38-42
16:1-4
8:11-12 11:16
11:29-32
The Return of the Unclean Evil Spirit 12:43-45 11:24-26
Jesus’ True Kindred Relatives 12:46-50 3:31-35 8:19-21 15:14
The Parable of the Sower 13:1-9 4:1-9 8:4-8
The Reason for Speaking in Parables 13:10-17 4:10-12
4:25
8:9-10
8:18b
10:23-24
Interpretation of the Parable of the Sower 13:18-23 4:13-20 8:11-15
“He who has Ears to Hear, Let him Hear” 5:15
7:2
10:26
13:12
4:21-25 8:16-18
The Parable of the Seed Growing Secretly 4:26-29
The Parable of the Tares (Weeds) 13:24-30
The Parable of the Mustard Seed 13:31-32 4:30-32 13:18-19
The Parable of the Leaven (Yeast) 13:33 13:20-21
Jesus’ Use of Parables 13:34-35 4:33-34
Interpretation of the Parable of the Tares 13:36-43
The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and of the Pearl 13:44-46
The Parable of the Net 13:47-50
Treasures New and Old 13:51-52
Jesus’ True Kindred Relatives 12:46-50 3:31-35 8:19-21 15:14
Stilling the Storm 8:23-27 4:35-41 8:22-25
The Gerasene Demoniac 8:28-34 5:1-20 8:26-39
Jairus’ Daughter and the Woman with a Hemorrhage 9:18-26 5:21-43 8:40-56
Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth 13:53-58 6:1-6a 4:16-30
Second Journey (to Jerusalem) 5:1
The Healing at the Pool called Bethesda 5:2-47
Commissioning the Twelve 9:35
10:1-16
6:6b-13 9:1-6
Herod Thinks Jesus is John, Raised 14:1-2 6:14-16 9:7-9
The Death of John the Baptist 14:3-12 6:17-29 3:19-20
The Return of the Apostles 6:30-31 9:10a
Feeding the Five Thousand 14:13-21 6:32-44 9:10b-17 6:1-15
The Walking on the Water 14:22-33 6:45-52 6:16-21
Healings at Gennesaret 14:34-36 6:53-56 6:22-25
The Bread of Life 6:26-59
What Defiles a Person – Traditional and Real 15:1-20 7:1-23 11:37-41
6:39
The Syrophoenician (Canaanite) Woman 15:21-28 7:24-30
Jesus Heals a Deaf Mute and Many Others 15:29-31 7:31-37
Feeding of the Four Thousand 15:32-39 8:1-10
The Pharisees Seek a Sign 16:1-4
12:38-39
8:11-13 11:16
11:29
12:54-56
The Leaven (Yeast) of the Pharisees 16:5-12 8:14-21 12:1
A Blind Man is Healed at Bethsaida 8:22-26

9. The Way to the Cross

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Many Disciples Take Offense at Jesus 6:60-66
Peter’s Confession at Caesarea Philippi 16:13-20 8:27-30 9:18-21 6:67-71
Jesus Foretells His Passion 16:21-23 8:31-33 9:22
“If Any Man would Come after Me” 16:24-28 8:34-9:1 9:23-27 12:25
The Transfiguration 17:1-9 9:2-10 9:28-36
The Coming of Elijah 17:10-13 9:11-13
Jesus Heals a Boy Possessed by a Spirit 17:14-21 9:14-29 9:37-43a
17:6
Jesus Foretells His Passion again 17:22-23 9:30-32 9:43b-45
Payment of the Temple Tax 17:24-27
True Greatness 18:1-5 9:33-37 9:46-48 13:20
The Strange Exorcist 10:42 9:38-41 9:49-50
Warnings concerning Temptations 18:6-9
5:13
9:42-50 17:1-2
14:34-35
The Parable of the Lost Sheep 18:10-14 15:3-7
On Reproving One’s Brother 18:15-18 17:3 20:23
“Where Two or Three are Gathered Together” 18:19-20
On Reconciliation 18:21-22 17:4
The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant 18:23-35

10. Last Journey to Jerusalem (According to Luke)

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Decision to Go to Jerusalem 19:1-2 10:1 9:51
Jesus is Rejected by Samaritans 9:52-56
On Following Jesus 8:18-22 9:57-62
Commissioning the Seventy 9:37-38
10:7-16
10:1-12
Woes Pronounced on Galilaean Cities 11:20-24 10:13-15
“He who Hears You, Hears Me” 10:40 10:16 13:20
The Return of the Seventy 10:17-20
Jesus’ Thanksgiving to the Father, and the Blessedness of the Disciples 11:25-27
13:16-17
10:21-24
The Lawyer’s Question 22:34-40 12:28-34 10:25-28
The Parable of the Good Samaritan 10:29-37
Mary and Martha 10:38-42
The Lord’s Prayer 6:9-13 11:1-4
The Importunate Friend at Midnight 11:5-8
Encouragement and Answer to Prayer 7:7-11 11:9-13
The Beelzebub Controversy 12:22-30 3:22-27 11:14-23
The Return of the Unclean Evil Spirit 12:43-45 11:24-26
True Blessedness 11:27-28
The Sign of Jonah 12:38-42 8:11-12 11:29-32
Concerning Light 5:15 4:21 11:33
The Sound Eye 6:22-23 11:34-36
Discourses against the Pharisees and Lawyers 15:1-9 7:1-9 11:37-54
The Leaven of the Pharisees 16:5-6 8:14-15 12:1
Exhortation to Fearless Confession 10:26-33 12:2-9
The Sin against the Holy Spirit 12:31-32 3:28-30 12:10
The Assistance of the Holy Spirit 10:19-20 13:11 12:11-12
21:14-15
Warning against Greed for Wealth 12:13-15
The Parable of the Rich Fool 12:16-21
Anxieties about Earthly Things 6:25-34 12:22-32
Treasures in Heaven 6:19-21 12:33-34
Watchfulness and Faithfulness 24:42-51 12:35-48
Division in Households 10:34-36 12:49-53
Interpreting the Times 16:2-3 12:54-56
Agreement with One’s Accuser 5:25-26 12:57-59
Repentance or Destruction (the Parable of the Barren Fig Tree) 13:1-9
The Healing of the Crippled Woman on the Sabbath 13:10-17
The Parable of the Mustard Seed 13:31-32 4:30-32 13:18-19
The Parable of the Leaven (Yeast) 13:33 13:20-21
Exclusion from the Kingdom, the Straight Gate 7:13-14
7:22-23
8:11-12
19:30
10:31 13:22-30
A Warning against Herod 13:31-33
The Lament over Jerusalem 23:37-39 13:34-35
The Healing of the Man with Dropsy 14:1-6
Teaching on Humility 14:7-14
The Parable of the Great Supper 22:1-14 14:15-24
The Cost and Conditions of Discipleship 10:37-38 14:25-33
The Parable of Salt 5:13 9:49-50 14:34-35
The Parable of the Lost Sheep 18:12-14 15:1-7
The Parable of the Lost Coin 15:8-10
The Parable of the Prodigal Son and his Brother 15:11-32
The Parable of the Unjust Steward 16:1-9
On Faithfulness in What is Least 16:10-12
On Serving Two Masters 6:24 16:13
The Pharisees Reproved 16:14-15
Concerning the Law 11:12-13
5:18
16:16-17
Concerning Divorce 19:9 10:11-12 16:18
The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus 16:19-31
Warning against Offenses 18:6-7 9:42 17:1-3a
On Forgiveness 18:15 17:3b-4
On Faith 17:19-21 9:28-29 17:5-6
We are Unprofitable Servants 17:7-10
The Cleansing of the Ten Lepers 17:11-19
On the Coming of the Kingdom of God 17:20-21
The Day of the Son of Man 10:39
24:17-18
24:23
24:26-28
24:37-41
13:19-23
13:14-16
17:22-37 12:25
The Parable of the Widow and Unjust Judge 18:1-8
The Pharisee and the Publican 18:9-14

11. Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles (According to John)

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Jesus Remains in Galilee 7:1-9
Journey to Jerusalem in Secret 7:10-13
Teaching in the Temple 7:14-39
Division among the People regarding Jesus 7:40-52
The Woman Caught in Adultery 7:53-8:11
“I am the Light of the World” 8:12-20
Discussion with the Jews 8:21-29
“The Truth will Make You Free” 8:30-36
Children of the Devil 8:37-47
“Before Abraham was, I am” 8:48-59
Jesus Heals the Man Born Blind 9:1-41
“I am the Good Shepherd” 10:1-18
Division among the Jews again 10:19-21

12. The Ministry in Judea

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Departure to Judea 19:1-2 10:1 9:51
On Divorce and Celibacy 19:3-12 10:2-12 16:18
Jesus Blesses the Children 19:13-15 10:13-16 18:15-17
The Rich Young Man 19:16-22 10:17-22 18:18-23
On Riches and the Rewards of Discipleship 19:23-30 10:23-31 18:24-30
22:28-30
The Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard 20:1-16 10:31 13:30
Jesus at the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem 10:22-39
Jesus Withdraws across the Jordan 10:40-42
The Raising of Lazarus 11:1-44
The Chief Priests and Pharisees Take Counsel against Jesus 11:45-53
Jesus Retires to Ephraim 11:54-57
The Third Prediction of the Passion 20:17-19 10:32-34 18:31-34
Jesus and the Sons of Zebedee; Precedence among the Disciples 20:20-28 10:35-45 22:24-27
The Healing of the Blind Men (Bartimaeus) 20:29-34
9:27-31
10:46-52 18:35-43
Zacchaeus 18:11 19:1-10
The Parable of the Pounds 25:14-30 13:34 19:11-27
The Anointing at Bethany 26:6-13 14:3-9 7:36-50 12:1-8
The Plot against Lazarus 12:9-11

13. The Final Ministry in Jerusalem

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem 21:1-9 11:1-10 19:28-40 12:12-19
Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem 19:41-44
Jesus in Jerusalem (Cleansing the Temple), Return to Bethany 21:10-17 11:11
11:15-17
19:45-46
The Cursing of the Fig Tree 21:18-19 11:12-14
The Second Cleansing of the Temple 21:12-13 11:15-17 19:45-46
The Chief Priests and Scribes Conspire against Jesus 11:18-19 19:47-48
The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree 21:20-22
6:14-15
11:20-26
The Question about Jesus’ Authority 21:23-27 11:27-33 20:1-8
The Parable of the Two Sons 21:28-32
The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen 21:33-46 12:1-12 20:9-19
The Parable of the Great Wedding Dinner 22:1-14 14:15-24
On Paying Tribute to Caesar 22:15-22 12:13-17 20:20-26
The Question about the Resurrection 22:23-33 12:18-27 20:27-40
The Great Commandment 22:34-40 12:28-34 10:25-28
The Question about David’s Son 22:41-46 12:35-37a 20:41-44
Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees 23:1-36 12:37b-40 20:45-47
Jesus’ Lament over Jerusalem 23:37-39 13:34-35
The Poor Widow’s Gift of two Mites 12:41-44 21:1-4

14. The Olivet Discourse

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Prediction of the Destruction of the Temple 24:1-2 13:1-2 21:5-6
Signs before the End 24:3-8 13:3-8 21:7-11
Persecutions Foretold 24:9-14
10:17-22a
13:9-13 21:12-19
12:11-12
The Desolating Sacrilege 24:15-22 13:14-20 21:20-24
False Christs and False Prophets 24:23-28 13:21-23 17:23-24
17:37b
The Coming of the Son of Man 24:29-31 13:24-27 21:25-28
The Time of the Coming. the Parable of the Fig Tree 24:32-36 13:28-32 21:29-33
Conclusion. “Take Heed, Watch!” (According to Mark) 25:13-15
24:42
13:33-37 19:12-13
12:40
Conclusion. “Take Heed, Watch!” (According to Luke) 21:34-36

15. The conclusion of the Account before the Passion

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Parable of the Flood and Exhortation to Watchfulness 24:37-44 13:35 17:26-36
12:39-40
The Parable of the Good Servant and the Wicked Servant 24:45-51 12:41-46
The Parable of the Ten Virgins 25:1-13
The Parable of the Talents 25:14-30 13:34 19:11-27
The Last Judgment 25:31-46 5:29
The Ministry of Jesus in Jerusalem 21:37-38
Greeks Seek Jesus; Discourse on His Death 12:20-36
The Unbelief of the People 12:37-43
Judgment by the Word 12:44-50

16. The Passion Narrative

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
Jesus’ Death is Premeditated 26:1-5 14:1-2 22:1-2
The Anointing in Bethany 26:6-13 14:3-9 7:36-50 12:1-8
The Betrayal by Judas 26:14-16 14:10-11 22:3-6
Preparation for the Passover 26:17-20 14:12-17 22:7-14
Washing the Disciples’ Feet 10:24
10:40
6:40 13:1-20
Jesus Foretells His Betrayal 26:21-25 14:18-21 22:21-23 13:21-30
The Last Supper 26:26-29 14:22-25 22:15-20
Jesus Foretells His Betrayal 26:21-25 14:18-21 22:21-23 13:21-30
Precedence among the Disciples and the Reward of Discipleship 20:24-28
19:28
10:41-45 22:24-30
The New Commandment of Love 13:31-35
Peter’s Denial Predicted 26:30-35 14:26-31 22:31-34 13:36-38
The Two Swords 22:35-38
“Let Not Your Hearts be Troubled” 14:1-14
The Promise of the Paraclete 14:15-26
The Gift of Peace 14:27-31
Jesus the True Vine 15:1-8
“Abide in My Love” 15:9-17
The World’s Hatred 15:18-25
The Witness of the Paraclete 15:26-27
On Persecutions 16:1-4
The Work of the Paraclete 16:5-15
Sorrow Turned to Joy 16:16-22
Prayer in the Name of Jesus 16:23-28
Prediction of the Disciples’ Flight 16:29-33
The Intercessory Prayer 17:1-26
Jesus in Gethsemane 26:36-46 14:32-42 22:39-46 18:1
12:27
Jesus Arrested 26:47-56 14:43-52 22:47-53 18:2-12
Jesus before the Sanhedrin (Peter’s Denial) 26:57-68 14:53-65 22:54-71 18:13-24
Peter’s Denial 26:69-75 14:66-72 22:56-62 18:25-27
Jesus Delivered to Pilate 27:1-2 15:1 23:1 18:28
The Death of Judas 27:3-10
The Trial before Pilate 27:11-14 15:2-5 23:2-5 18:29-38
Jesus before Herod 23:6-12
Pilate Declares Jesus Innocent 23:13-16
Jesus or Barabbas? 27:15-23 15:6-14 23:17-23 18:39-40
“Behold the Man!” 27:28-31a 15:17-20a 19:1-15
Pilate Delivers Jesus to be Crucified 27:24-26 15:15 23:24-25 19:16
Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers 27:27-31a 15:16-20a 19:2-3
The Road to Golgotha 27:31b-32 15:20b-21 23:26-32 19:17
The Crucifixion 27:33-37 15:22-26 23:33-34 19:17b-27
Jesus Derided on the Cross 27:38-43 15:27-32a 23:35-38
The Two Thieves 27:44 15:32b 23:39-43
The Death of Jesus 27:45-54 15:33-39 23:44-48 19:28-30
Witnesses of the Crucifixion 27:55-56 15:40-41 23:49 19:25-27
Jesus’ Side Pierced 19:31-37
The Burial of Jesus 27:57-61 15:42-47 23:50-56 19:38-42
The Guard at the Tomb 27:62-66

17. The Resurrection

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Women at the Tomb 28:1-8 16:1-8 24:1-12 20:1-13
Jesus Appears to the Women 28:9-10 16:9-11 24:10-11 20:14-18
The Report of the Guard 28:11-15
Jesus Appears to Two on the Way to Emmaus 16:12-13 24:13-35
Jesus Appears to His Disciples (Thomas being Absent) 24:36-43 20:19-23
Jesus Appears to His Disciples (Thomas being Present) 20:24-29
Jesus Appears to the Eleven While They Sit at Table 16:14-18
Jesus Appears to the Eleven on a Mountain in Galilee 28:16-20
Jesus Appears to His Disciples by the Sea of Tiberias 21:1-14

18. The Endings of the Gospels

Pericope Matthew Mark Luke John
The Short Ending of Mark See Note
The Long Ending of Mark 16:9-20
The Ending of Matthew. The Great Commission 28:16-20
The Ending of Luke. Jesus’ Last Words and Ascension 16:15, 19 24:44-53
The Ending of John 20:30-31
The Appendix to John. Jesus at the Sea of Tiberias: 21:1-25