Manual of Cross-Examination

Arushi-min

The Art of Cross-Examination
  • Object-oriented Cross-Examination
  • Understanding Strong and weak point of a particular case
  • Overcoming weakness of the case through Cross-Examination
  • Reading the mind of the witness
  • An examination is not inquiry or interrogation
  • How much Examination is needed
  • Not to put question within the question
  • Not to club several questions within a question
  • keep an eye on the recording of evidence  by the Court
  • The language of the Cross-Examination
Cross-Examination 

1.    What is cross-examination
2.    Statutory Provisions
3.    Examination of Witnesses in Civil Cases
4.    Order of Examination of Witnesses
5.    Examination-In-Chief
6.    Privilege of Certain Witnesses
7.    Principles of Cross-Examination in civil and criminal cases
8.    Statements Provable Only to Corroborate or Contradict Evidence Tendered
9.    Statements Admissible Either to Corroborate of Contradict
10.  Some Non-Statutory Materials for Corroborating or Contradicting
11.  Contradicting Under S. 155(3) of the  Evidence Act
12.  Contradicting Under S. 145 of the  Evidence Act
13.  Cross-Examination of Person Called to Produce a Document
14.  Witness to Character
15.  Hearsay Evidence
16.  Leading Questions
17.  Cross-Examination as to Previous Statements in Writing
18.  Questions Permissible Under Sec. 146 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872
19.  When Witness to be Compelled to Answer
20. Asking incriminating Questions
21.  Questions not to be asked without Reasonable Grounds
22.  Indecent and Scandalous Questions shall not to be asked
23.  Exclusion of Evidence to Contradict Answers Regarding Veracity
24.  Hostile Witness
25.  Impeaching Credit of a Witness
26.  Re-Examination of Witness
27.  Questions Tending to Corroborate Relevant Fact
28.  Refreshing Memory
29.  Testimony to Facts Stated in Documents u/s Sec. 159 of the Evidence Act,1872
30.  Right of Adverse Party as to Writing Used Under Secs. 159 & 160 of the Indian Evidence Act,1872
31.  Production of Documents
32.  Powers of the Judge to discover Truth
33.  Different Types of Cross-Examination
34.  Severe Cross-Examination
35.  Dangerous Cross-Examination
36.  Gentle Cross-Examination
37.  Silent Cross-Examination
38.  Suggestive Cross-Examination
39.  Over-Cross Examination
40.  Bold Cross-Examination
41.  Quick Cross-Examination
42.  Random Cross-Examination
43.  Quibbling Cross-Examination
44.  Prolonged Cross-Examination
45.  Dramatic Cross-Examination
46.  Humorous Cross-Examination
47. Classes of Witnesses and as to the mode of Cross-Examining them
48.  Truthful Witness
49.  Hostile and Treacherous Witness
50.  Mistaken Witness
51.  Biased Witness
52.  Exaggerating Witness
53.  Timid Witness
54.  Excited Witness
55.  Tutored Witness
56.  Hypnotized Witness
57.  Conscientious Witness
58.  Pious Witness (Priests and Clergymen)
59.  Clever Witness
60.  Expert as Witness
61.  Court Witness
62.  Impertinent Witness
63.  Flippant Witness
64.  Dogged Witness
65.  Awkward Witness
66.  Convict Witness
67.  Hypocrite Witness
68.  Shifty Witness
69.  Unwilling Witness
70.  Unintelligent Witness
71.  Confused Witness
72.  Ignorant or Illiterate Witness
73.  Stupid Witnesses
74.  Forger Witness
75.  Humorous Witness
76.  Drunken Witness
77.  Insane Witness
78.  Bankrupt as a Witness
79.  Police Witness
80.  Spies and Detectives as Witnesses
81.  Child Witness
82.  Aged Witness
83.  Woman Witness
84.  Professional or Pedantic Witness
85.  Guilty Witness
86.  Accomplice Evidence