THE SUMMA THEOLOGICA -St. Thomas Aquinas

Index Generalis

Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274)

PROLOGUE

QUESTION 1. THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF SACRED DOCTRINE
QUESTION 2. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
QUESTION 3. OF THE SIMPLICITY OF GOD
QUESTION 4. THE PERFECTION OF GOD
QUESTION 5. OF GOODNESS IN GENERAL
QUESTION 6. THE GOODNESS OF GOD
QUESTION 7. THE INFINITY OF GOD
QUESTION 8. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD IN THINGS
QUESTION 9. THE IMMUTABILITY OF GOD
QUESTION 10. THE ETERNITY OF GOD
QUESTION 11. THE UNITY OF GOD
QUESTION 12. HOW GOD IS KNOWN BY US

QUESTION 13. THE NAMES OF GOD
QUESTION 14. OF GOD’S KNOWLEDGE
QUESTION 15. OF IDEAS
QUESTION 16. OF TRUTH
QUESTION 17. CONCERNING FALSITY
QUESTION 18. THE LIFE OF GOD
QUESTION 19. THE WILL OF GOD
QUESTION 20. GOD’S LOVE
QUESTION 21. THE JUSTICE AND MERCY OF GOD
QUESTION 22. THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD
QUESTION 23. OF PREDESTINATION
QUESTION 24. THE BOOK OF LIFE
QUESTION 25. THE POWER OF GOD
QUESTION 26. OF THE DIVINE BEATITUDE
QUESTION 27. THE PROCESSION OF THE DIVINE PERSONS
QUESTION 28. THE DIVINE RELATIONS
QUESTION 29. THE DIVINE PERSONS
QUESTION 30. THE PLURALITY OF PERSONS IN GOD

QUESTION 31. OF WHAT BELONGS TO THE UNITY OR PLURALITY IN GOD
QUESTION 32. THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIVINE PERSONS
QUESTION 33. OF THE PERSON OF THE FATHER
QUESTION 34. OF THE PERSON OF THE SON
QUESTION 35. OF THE IMAGE
QUESTION 36. OF THE PERSON OF THE HOLY GHOST
QUESTION 37. OF THE NAME OF THE HOLY GHOST—LOVE
QUESTION 38. OF THE NAME OF THE HOLY GHOST, AS GIFT
QUESTION 39. OF THE PERSONS IN RELATION TO THE ESSENCE
QUESTION 40. OF THE PERSONS AS COMPARED TO THE RELATIONS OR PROPERTIES
QUESTION 41. OF THE PERSONS IN REFERENCE TO THE NOTIONAL ACTS
QUESTION 42. OF EQUALITY AND LIKENESS AMONG THE DIVINE PERSONS
QUESTION 43. THE MISSION OF THE DIVINE PERSONS

QUESTION 44. THE PROCESSION OF
CREATURES FROM GOD, AND OF THE FIRST CAUSE OF ALL THINGS
QUESTION 45. THE MODE OF EMANATION OF THINGS FROM THE FIRST PRINCIPLE
QUESTION 46. OF THE BEGINNING OF THE DURATION OF CREATURES
QUESTION 47. OF THE DISTINCTION OF THINGS IN GENERAL
QUESTION 48. THE DISTINCTION OF THINGS IN PARTICULAR
QUESTION 49. THE CAUSE OF EVIL
QUESTION 50. OF THE SUBSTANCE OF THE ANGELS ABSOLUTELY CONSIDERED
QUESTION 51. OF THE ANGELS IN COMPARISON WITH BODIES
QUESTION 52. OF THE ANGELS IN RELATION TO PLACE
QUESTION 53. OF THE LOCAL MOVEMENT OF THE ANGELS
QUESTION 54. OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE ANGELS
QUESTION 55. OF THE MEDIUM OF THE ANGELIC KNOWLEDGE
QUESTION 56. OF THE ANGEL’S KNOWLEDGE OF IMMATERIAL THINGS
QUESTION 57. OF THE ANGEL’S KNOWLEDGE OF MATERIAL THINGS
QUESTION 58. OF THE MODE OF ANGELIC KNOWLEDGE
QUESTION 59. THE WILL OF THE ANGELS
QUESTION 60. OF THE LOVE OR DILECTION OF THE ANGELS
QUESTION 61. OF THE PRODUCTION OF THE ANGELS IN THE ORDER OF NATURAL BEING
QUESTION 62. OF THE PERFECTION OF THE ANGELS IN THE ORDER OF GRACE AND OF GLORY
QUESTION 63. THE MALICE OF THE ANGELS WITH REGARD TO SIN
QUESTION 64. THE PUNISHMENT OF THE DEMONS
QUESTION 65. THE WORK OF CREATION OF CORPOREAL CREATURES
QUESTION 66. ON THE ORDER OF CREATION TOWARDS DISTINCTION
QUESTION 67. ON THE WORK OF DISTINCTION IN ITSELF
QUESTION 68. ON THE WORK OF THE SECOND DAY
QUESTION 69. ON THE WORK OF THE THIRD DAY
QUESTION 70. OF THE WORK OF ADORNMENT, AS REGARDS THE FOURTH DAY
QUESTION 71. ON THE WORK OF THE FIFTH DAY
QUESTION 72. ON THE WORK OF THE SIXTH DAY
QUESTION 73. ON THE THINGS THAT BELONG TO THE SEVENTH DAY
QUESTION 74. ON ALL THE SEVEN DAYS IN COMMON
QUESTION 75. OF MAN WHO IS COMPOSED OF A SPIRITUAL AND A CORPOREAL SUBSTANCE: AND IN THE FIRST PLACE,
CONCERNING WHAT BELONGS TO THE ESSENCE OF THE SOUL
QUESTION 76. OF THE UNION OF BODY AND SOUL
QUESTION 77. OF THOSE THINGS WHICH BELONG TO THE POWERS OF THE SOUL IN GENERAL
QUESTION 78. OF THE SPECIFIC POWERS OF THE SOUL
QUESTION 79. OF THE INTELLECTUAL POWERS
QUESTION 80. OF THE APPETITIVE POWERS IN GENERAL
QUESTION 81. OF THE POWER OF SENSUALITY
QUESTION 82. OF THE WILL
QUESTION 83. OF FREE-WILL
QUESTION 84. HOW THE SOUL WHILE
UNITED TO THE BODY UNDERSTANDS
CORPOREAL THINGS BENEATH IT
QUESTION 85. OF THE MODE AND ORDER OF UNDERSTANDING
QUESTION 86. WHAT OUR INTELLECT KNOWS IN MATERIAL THINGS
QUESTION 87. HOW THE INTELLECTUAL SOUL KNOWS ITSELF AND ALL WITHIN ITSELF
QUESTION 88. HOW THE HUMAN SOUL KNOWS WHAT IS ABOVE ITSELF
QUESTION 89. OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SEPARATED SOUL
QUESTION 90. OF THE FIRST PRODUCTION OF MAN’S SOUL
QUESTION 91. THE PRODUCTION OF THE FIRST MAN’S BODY
QUESTION 92. THE PRODUCTION OF THE WOMAN
QUESTION 93. THE END OR TERM OF THE PRODUCTION OF MAN
QUESTION 94. OF THE STATE AND CONDITION OF THE FIRST MAN AS REGARDS HIS INTELLECT
QUESTION 95. OF THINGS PERTAINING TO THE FIRST MAN’S WILL, NAMELY, GRACE AND RIGHTEOUSNESS
QUESTION 96. OF THE MASTERSHIP BELONGING TO MAN IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE
QUESTION 97. OF THE PRESERVATION OF
THE INDIVIDUAL IN THE PRIMITIVE STATE
QUESTION 98. OF THE PRESERVATION OF THE SPECIES
QUESTION 99. OF THE CONDITION OF THE OFFSPRING AS TO THE BODY
QUESTION 100. OF THE CONDITION OF THE
OFFSPRING AS REGARDS RIGHTEOUSNESS
QUESTION 101. OF THE CONDITION OF THE
OFFSPRING AS REGARDS KNOWLEDGE
QUESTION 102. OF MAN’S ABODE, WHICH IS PARADISE
QUESTION 103. OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THINGS IN GENERAL
QUESTION 104. THE SPECIAL EFFECTS OF THE DIVINE GOVERNMENT
QUESTION 105. OF THE CHANGE OF CREATURES BY GOD
QUESTION 106. HOW ONE CREATURE MOVES ANOTHER
QUESTION 107. THE SPEECH OF THE ANGELS
QUESTION 108. OF THE ANGELIC DEGREES OF HIERARCHIES AND ORDERS
QUESTION 109. THE ORDERING OF THE BAD ANGELS
QUESTION 110. HOW ANGELS ACT ON BODIES
QUESTION 111. THE ACTION OF THE ANGELS ON MAN
QUESTION 112. THE MISSION OF THE ANGELS
QUESTION 113. OF THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THE GOOD ANGELS
QUESTION 114. OF THE ASSAULTS OF THE DEMONS
QUESTION 115. OF THE ACTION OF THE CORPOREAL CREATURE
QUESTION 116. ON FATE
QUESTION 117. OF THINGS PERTAINING TO THE ACTION OF MAN
QUESTION 118. OF THE PRODUCTION OF
MAN FROM MAN AS TO THE SOUL
QUESTION 119. OF THE PROPAGATION OF MAN AS TO THE BODY

FIRST PART OF THE SECOND PART

PROLOGUE
QUESTION 1. OF MAN’S LAST END
QUESTION 2. OF THOSE THINGS IN WHICH
MAN’S HAPPINESS CONSISTS
QUESTION 3. WHAT IS HAPPINESS
QUESTION 4. OF THOSE THINGS THAT ARE REQUIRED FOR HAPPINESS
QUESTION 5. OF THE ATTAINMENT OF HAPPINESS
QUESTION 6. OF THE VOLUNTARY AND THE INVOLUNTARY
QUESTION 7. OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF HUMAN ACTS
QUESTION 8. OF THE WILL, IN REGARD TO WHAT IT WILLS
QUESTION 9. OF THAT WHICH MOVES THE WILL
QUESTION 10. OF THE MANNER IN WHICH THE WILL IS MOVED
QUESTION 11. OF ENJOYMENT, WHICH IS AN ACT OF THE WILL
QUESTION 12. OF INTENTION
QUESTION 13. OF CHOICE, WHICH IS AN ACT OF THE WILL WITH REGARD TO THE MEANS
QUESTION 14. OF COUNSEL, WHICH PRECEDES CHOICE
QUESTION 15. OF CONSENT, WHICH IS AN ACT OF THE WILL IN REGARD TO THE MEANS
QUESTION 16. OF USE, WHICH IS AN ACT
OF THE WILL IN REGARD TO THE MEANS
QUESTION 17. OF THE ACTS COMMANDED BY THE WILL
QUESTION 18. OF THE GOOD AND EVIL OF
HUMAN ACTS, IN GENERAL
QUESTION 19. OF THE GOODNESS AND
MALICE OF THE INTERIOR ACT OF THE
WILL
QUESTION 20. OF GOODNESS AND MALICE
IN EXTERNAL HUMAN AFFAIRS
QUESTION 21. OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF
HUMAN ACTIONS BY REASON OF THEIR
GOODNESS AND MALICE
QUESTION 22. OF THE SUBJECT OF THE
SOUL’S PASSIONS

QUESTION 23. HOW THE PASSIONS DIFFER
FROM ONE ANOTHER
QUESTION 24. OF GOOD AND EVIL IN THE
PASSIONS OF THE SOUL
QUESTION 25. OF THE ORDER OF THE
PASSIONS TO ONE ANOTHER
QUESTION 26. OF THE PASSIONS OF THE
SOUL IN PARTICULAR: AND FIRST, OF LOVE
QUESTION 27. OF THE CAUSE OF LOVE
QUESTION 28. OF THE EFFECTS OF LOVE
QUESTION 29. OF HATRED
QUESTION 30. OF CONCUPISCENCE
QUESTION 31. OF DELIGHT CONSIDERED IN
ITSELF
QUESTION 32. OF THE CAUSE OF
PLEASURE
QUESTION 33. OF THE EFFECTS OF
PLEASURE
QUESTION 34. OF THE GOODNESS AND
MALICE OF PLEASURES
QUESTION 35. OF PAIN OR SORROW, IN
ITSELF
QUESTION 36. OF THE CAUSES OF
SORROW OR PAIN

QUESTION 37. OF THE EFFECTS OF PAIN
OR SORROW
QUESTION 38. OF THE REMEDIES OF
SORROW OR PAIN
QUESTION 39. OF THE GOODNESS AND
MALICE OF SORROW OR PAIN
QUESTION 40. OF THE IRASCIBLE
PASSIONS, AND FIRST, OF HOPE AND
DESPAIR
QUESTION 41. OF FEAR, IN ITSELF
QUESTION 42. OF THE OBJECT OF FEAR
QUESTION 43. OF THE CAUSE OF FEAR
QUESTION 44. OF THE EFFECTS OF FEAR
QUESTION 45. OF DARING
QUESTION 46. OF ANGER, IN ITSELF
QUESTION 47. OF THE CAUSE THAT
PROVOKES ANGER, AND OF THE REMEDIES
OF ANGER
QUESTION 48. OF THE EFFECTS OF ANGER
QUESTION 49. OF HABITS IN GENERAL, AS
TO THEIR SUBSTANCE
QUESTION 50. OF THE SUBJECT OF HABITS
QUESTION 51. OF THE CAUSE OF HABITS,
AS TO THEIR FORMATION

QUESTION 52. OF THE INCREASE OF
HABITS
QUESTION 53. HOW HABITS ARE
CORRUPTED OR DIMINISHED
QUESTION 54. OF THE DISTINCTION OF
HABITS
QUESTION 55. OF THE VIRTUES, AS TO
THEIR ESSENCE
QUESTION 56. OF THE SUBJECT OF VIRTUE
QUESTION 57. OF THE INTELLECTUAL
VIRTUES
QUESTION 58. OF THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN MORAL AND INTELLECTUAL
VIRTUES
QUESTION 59. OF MORAL VIRTUE IN
RELATION TO THE PASSIONS
QUESTION 60. HOW THE MORAL VIRTUES
DIFFER FROM ONE ANOTHER
QUESTION 61. OF THE CARDINAL VIRTUES
QUESTION 62. OF THE THEOLOGICAL
VIRTUES
QUESTION 63. OF THE CAUSE OF VIRTUES
QUESTION 64. OF THE MEAN OF VIRTUE
QUESTION 65. OF THE CONNECTION OF VIRTUES

QUESTION 66. OF EQUALITY AMONG THE
VIRTUES
QUESTION 67. OF THE DURATION OF
VIRTUES AFTER THIS LIFE
QUESTION 68. OF THE GIFTS
QUESTION 69. OF THE BEATITUDES
QUESTION 70. OF THE FRUITS OF THE HOLY
GHOST
QUESTION 71. OF VICE AND SIN
CONSIDERED IN THEMSELVES
QUESTION 72. OF THE DISTINCTION OF
SINS
QUESTION 73. OF THE COMPARISON OF
ONE SIN WITH ANOTHER
QUESTION 74. OF THE SUBJECT OF SIN
QUESTION 75. OF THE CAUSES OF SIN, IN GENERAL
QUESTION 76. OF THE CAUSES OF SIN, IN PARTICULAR
QUESTION 77. OF THE CAUSE OF SIN, ON
THE PART OF THE SENSITIVE APPETITE
QUESTION 78. OF THAT CAUSE OF SIN WHICH IS MALICE
QUESTION 79. OF THE EXTERNAL CAUSES OF SIN

QUESTION 80. OF THE CAUSE OF SIN, AS REGARDS THE DEVIL
QUESTION 81. OF THE CAUSE OF SIN, ON THE PART OF MAN
QUESTION 82. OF ORIGINAL SIN, AS TO ITS ESSENCE
QUESTION 83. OF THE SUBJECT OF ORIGINAL SIN
QUESTION 84. OF THE CAUSE OF SIN, IN RESPECT OF ONE SIN BEING THE CAUSE OF ANOTHER
QUESTION 85. OF THE EFFECTS OF SIN,
AND, FIRST, OF THE CORRUPTION OF THE GOOD OF NATURE
QUESTION 86. OF THE STAIN OF SIN
QUESTION 87. OF THE DEBT OF PUNISHMENT
QUESTION 88. OF VENIAL AND MORTAL SIN
QUESTION 89. OF VENIAL SIN IN ITSELF
QUESTION 90. OF THE ESSENCE OF LAW
QUESTION 91. OF THE VARIOUS KINDS OF LAW
QUESTION 92. OF THE EFFECTS OF LAW
QUESTION 93. OF THE ETERNAL LAW

QUESTION 94. OF THE NATURAL LAW
QUESTION 95. OF HUMAN LAW
QUESTION 96. OF THE POWER OF HUMAN LAW
QUESTION 97. OF CHANGE IN LAWS
QUESTION 98. OF THE OLD LAW
QUESTION 99. OF THE PRECEPTS OF THE OLD LAW
QUESTION 100. OF THE MORAL PRECEPTS OF THE OLD LAW
QUESTION 101. THE CEREMONIAL PRECEPTS IN THEMSELVES
QUESTION 102. THE CAUSES OF THE CEREMONIAL PRECEPTS
QUESTION 103. OF THE DURATION OF THE CEREMONIAL PRECEPTS
QUESTION 104. OF THE JUDICIAL PRECEPTS
QUESTION 105. OF THE REASON FOR THE JUDICIAL PRECEPTS
QUESTION 106. OF THE LAW OF THE GOSPEL, CALLED THE NEW LAW, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF
QUESTION 107. OF THE NEW LAW AS COMPARED WITH THE OLD

QUESTION 108. OF THOSE THINGS THAT ARE CONTAINED IN THE NEW LAW
QUESTION 109. OF THE NECESSITY OF GRACE
QUESTION 110. OF THE GRACE OF GOD AS REGARDS ITS ESSENCE
QUESTION 111. OF THE DIVISION OF GRACE
QUESTION 112. OF THE CAUSE OF GRACE
QUESTION 113. OF THE EFFECTS OF GRACE
QUESTION 114. OF MERIT

SECOND PART OF THE SECOND PART

QUESTION 1. OF FAITH
QUESTION 2. OF THE ACT OF FAITH
QUESTION 3. OF THE OUTWARD ACT OF FAITH
QUESTION 4. OF THE VIRTUE ITSELF OF FAITH
QUESTION 5. OF THOSE WHO HAVE FAITH
QUESTION 6. OF THE CAUSE OF FAITH
QUESTION 7. OF THE EFFECTS OF FAITH
QUESTION 8. OF THE GIFT OF UNDERSTANDING
QUESTION 9. OF THE GIFT OF KNOWLEDGE
QUESTION 10. OF UNBELIEF IN GENERAL
QUESTION 11. OF HERESY
QUESTION 12. OF APOSTASY
QUESTION 13. OF THE SIN OF BLASPHEMY, IN GENERAL
QUESTION 14. OF BLASPHEMY AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST
QUESTION 15. OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
QUESTION 16. OF THE PRECEPTS OF FAITH,
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
QUESTION 17. OF HOPE, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF
QUESTION 18. OF THE SUBJECT OF HOPE
QUESTION 19. OF THE GIFT OF FEAR
QUESTION 20. OF DESPAIR
QUESTION 21. OF PRESUMPTION
QUESTION 22. OF THE PRECEPTS
RELATING TO HOPE AND FEAR
QUESTION 23. OF CHARITY, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF
QUESTION 24. OF THE SUBJECT OF CHARITY
QUESTION 25. OF THE OBJECT OF CHARITY
QUESTION 26. OF THE ORDER OF CHARITY
QUESTION 27. OF THE PRINCIPLE ACT OF
CHARITY, WHICH IS TO LOVE
QUESTION 28. OF JOY
QUESTION 29. OF PEACE
QUESTION 30. OF MERCY
QUESTION 31. OF BENEFICENCE
QUESTION 32. OF ALMSDEEDS
QUESTION 33. OF FRATERNAL CORRECTION
QUESTION 34. OF HATRED
QUESTION 35. OF SLOTH
QUESTION 36. OF ENVY
QUESTION 37. OF DISCORD, WHICH IS
CONTRARY TO PEACE
QUESTION 38. OF CONTENTION
QUESTION 39. OF SCHISM
QUESTION 40. OF WAR
QUESTION 41. OF STRIFE
QUESTION 42. OF SEDITION
QUESTION 43. OF SCANDAL
QUESTION 44. OF THE PRECEPTS OF CHARITY
QUESTION 45. OF THE GIFT OF WISDOM
QUESTION 46. OF FOLLY WHICH IS OPPOSED TO WISDOM
QUESTION 47. OF PRUDENCE, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF
QUESTION 48. OF THE PARTS OF PRUDENCE
QUESTION 49. OF EACH QUASI-INTEGRAL PART OF PRUDENCE
QUESTION 50. OF THE SUBJECTIVE PARTS OF PRUDENCE
QUESTION 51. OF THE VIRTUES WHICH ARE CONNECTED WITH PRUDENCE
QUESTION 52. OF THE GIFT OF COUNSEL
QUESTION 53. OF IMPRUDENCE
QUESTION 54. OF NEGLIGENCE
QUESTION 55. OF VICES OPPOSED TO PRUDENCE BY WAY OF RESEMBLANCE
QUESTION 56. OF THE PRECEPTS RELATING TO PRUDENCE
QUESTION 57. OF RIGHT
QUESTION 58. OF JUSTICE
QUESTION 59. OF INJUSTICE
QUESTION 60. OF JUDGMENT
QUESTION 61. OF THE PARTS OF JUSTICE
QUESTION 62. OF RESTITUTION

QUESTION 63. OF RESPECT OF PERSONS
QUESTION 64. OF MURDER
QUESTION 65. OF OTHER INJURIES
COMMITTED ON THE PERSON
QUESTION 66. OF THEFT AND ROBBERY
QUESTION 67. OF THE INJUSTICE OF A JUDGE, IN JUDGING
QUESTION 68. OF MATTERS CONCERNING UNJUST ACCUSATION
QUESTION 69. OF SINS COMMITTED AGAINST JUSTICE ON THE PART OF THE DEFENDANT
QUESTION 70. OF INJUSTICE WITH REGARD
TO THE PERSON OF THE WITNESS
QUESTION 71. OF INJUSTICE IN JUDGMENT
ON THE PART OF COUNSEL
QUESTION 72. OF REVILING
QUESTION 73. OF BACKBITING
QUESTION 74. OF TALE-BEARING
QUESTION 75. OF DERISION
QUESTION 76. OF CURSING
QUESTION 77. OF CHEATING, WHICH IS
COMMITTED IN BUYING AND SELLING

QUESTION 78. OF THE SIN OF USURY
QUESTION 79. OF THE QUASI-INTEGRAL PARTS OF JUSTICE
QUESTION 80. OF THE POTENTIAL PARTS OF JUSTICE
QUESTION 81. OF RELIGION
QUESTION 82. OF DEVOTION
QUESTION 83. OF PRAYER
QUESTION 84. OF ADORATION
QUESTION 85. OF SACRIFICE
QUESTION 86. OF OBLATIONS AND FIRSTFRUITS
QUESTION 87. OF TITHES
QUESTION 88. OF VOWS
QUESTION 89. OF OATHS
QUESTION 90. OF THE TAKING OF GOD’S
NAME BY WAY OF ADJURATION
QUESTION 91. OF TAKING THE DIVINE
NAME FOR THE PURPOSE OF INVOKING IT
BY MEANS OF PRAISE
QUESTION 92. OF SUPERSTITION
QUESTION 93. OF SUPERSTITION CONSISTING IN UNDUE WORSHIP OF THE TRUE GOD
QUESTION 94. OF IDOLATRY
QUESTION 95. OF SUPERSTITION IN DIVINATIONS
QUESTION 96. OF SUPERSTITION IN OBSERVANCES
QUESTION 97. OF THE TEMPTATION OF GOD
QUESTION 98. OF PERJURY
QUESTION 99. OF SACRILEGE
QUESTION 100. ON SIMONY
QUESTION 101. OF PIETY
QUESTION 102. OF OBSERVANCE, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF, AND OF ITS PARTS
QUESTION 103. OF DULIA
QUESTION 104. OF OBEDIENCE
QUESTION 105. OF DISOBEDIENCE
QUESTION 106. OF THANKFULNESS OR GRATITUDE
QUESTION 107. OF INGRATITUDE
QUESTION 108. OF VENGEANCE
QUESTION 109. OF TRUTH
QUESTION 110. OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO TRUTH, AND FIRST OF LYING
QUESTION 111. OF DISSIMULATION AND HYPOCRISY
QUESTION 112. OF BOASTING
QUESTION 113. IRONY
QUESTION 114. OF THE FRIENDLINESS WHICH IS CALLED AFFABILITY
QUESTION 115. OF FLATTERY
QUESTION 116. OF QUARRELING
QUESTION 117. OF LIBERALITY
QUESTION 118. OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO LIBERALITY, AND IN THE FIRST PLACE, OF COVETOUSNESS
QUESTION 119. OF PRODIGALITY
QUESTION 120. OF “EPIKEIA” OR EQUITY
QUESTION 121. OF PIETY
QUESTION 122. OF THE PRECEPTS OF JUSTICE
QUESTION 123. OF FORTITUDE
QUESTION 124. OF MARTYRDOM
QUESTION 125. OF FEAR
QUESTION 126. OF FEARLESSNESS
QUESTION 127. OF DARING
QUESTION 128. OF THE PARTS OF FORTITUDE
QUESTION 129. OF MAGNANIMITY
QUESTION 130. OF PRESUMPTION
QUESTION 131. OF AMBITION
QUESTION 132. OF VAINGLORY
QUESTION 133. OF PUSILLANIMITY
QUESTION 134. OF MAGNIFICENCE
QUESTION 135. OF MEANNESS
QUESTION 136. OF PATIENCE
QUESTION 137. OF PERSEVERANCE
QUESTION 138. OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO PERSEVERANCE
QUESTION 139. OF THE GIFT OF FORTITUDE
QUESTION 140. OF THE PRECEPTS OF FORTITUDE
QUESTION 141. OF TEMPERANCE
QUESTION 142. OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO TEMPERANCE
QUESTION 143. OF THE PARTS OF TEMPERANCE, IN GENERAL
QUESTION 144. OF SHAMEFACEDNESS
QUESTION 145. OF HONESTY
QUESTION 146. OF ABSTINENCE
QUESTION 147. OF FASTING
QUESTION 148. OF GLUTTONY
QUESTION 149. OF SOBRIETY
QUESTION 150. OF DRUNKENNESS
QUESTION 151. OF CHASTITY
QUESTION 152. OF VIRGINITY
QUESTION 153. OF LUST
QUESTION 154. OF THE PARTS OF LUST
QUESTION 155. OF CONTINENCE
QUESTION 156. OF INCONTINENCE
QUESTION 157. OF CLEMENCY AND MEEKNESS
QUESTION 158. OF ANGER
QUESTION 159. OF CRUELTY
QUESTION 160. OF MODESTY
QUESTION 161. OF HUMILITY
QUESTION 162. OF PRIDE
QUESTION 163. OF THE FIRST MAN’S SIN
QUESTION 164. OF THE PUNISHMENTS OF THE FIRST MAN’S SIN
QUESTION 165. OF OUR FIRST PARENTS’ TEMPTATION
QUESTION 166. OF STUDIOUSNESS
QUESTION 167. OF CURIOSITY
QUESTION 168. OF MODESTY AS
CONSISTING IN THE OUTWARD
MOVEMENTS OF THE BODY
QUESTION 169. OF MODESTY IN THE OUTWARD APPAREL
QUESTION 170. OF THE PRECEPTS OF TEMPERANCE
QUESTION 171. OF PROPHECY
QUESTION 172. OF THE CAUSE OF PROPHECY
QUESTION 173. OF THE MANNER IN WHICH
PROPHETIC KNOWLEDGE IS CONVEYED
QUESTION 174. OF THE DIVISION OF PROPHECY
QUESTION 175. OF RAPTURE
QUESTION 176. OF THE GRACE OF TONGUES
QUESTION 177. OF THE GRATUITOUS GRACE CONSISTING IN WORDS
QUESTION 178. OF THE GRACE OF MIRACLES
QUESTION 179. OF THE DIVISION OF LIFE INTO ACTIVE AND CONTEMPLATIVE
QUESTION 180. OF THE CONTEMPLATIVE LIFE
QUESTION 181. OF THE ACTIVE LIFE
QUESTION 182. OF THE ACTIVE LIFE IN COMPARISON WITH THE CONTEMPLATIVE LIFE
QUESTION 183. OF MAN’S VARIOUS DUTIES AND STATES IN GENERAL
QUESTION 184. OF THE STATE OF PERFECTION IN GENERAL
QUESTION 185. OF THINGS PERTAINING TO THE EPISCOPAL STATE
QUESTION 186. OF THOSE THINGS IN WHICH THE RELIGIOUS STATE PROPERLY CONSISTS
QUESTION 187. OF THOSE THINGS THAT ARE COMPETENT TO RELIGIOUS
QUESTION 188. OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF RELIGIOUS LIFE
QUESTION 189. OF THE ENTRANCE INTO RELIGIOUS LIFE

THIRD PART

Prologue

QUESTION 1. OF THE FITNESS OF THE INCARNATION
QUESTION 2. OF THE MODE OF UNION OF THE WORD INCARNATE
QUESTION 3. OF THE MODE OF UNION ON
THE PART OF THE PERSON ASSUMING
QUESTION 4. OF THE MODE OF UNION ON
THE PART OF THE HUMAN NATURE
QUESTION 5. OF THE PARTS OF HUMAN
NATURE WHICH WERE ASSUMED
QUESTION 6. OF THE ORDER OF ASSUMPTION
QUESTION 7. OF THE GRACE OF CHRIST AS AN INDIVIDUAL MAN
QUESTION 8. OF THE GRACE OF CHRIST,
AS HE IS THE HEAD OF THE CHURCH
QUESTION 9. OF CHRIST’S KNOWLEDGE IN GENERAL
QUESTION 10. OF THE BEATIFIC
KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST’S SOUL

QUESTION 11. OF THE KNOWLEDGE IMPRINTED OR INFUSED IN THE SOUL OF CHRIST
QUESTION 12. OF THE ACQUIRED OR
EMPIRIC KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST’S SOUL
QUESTION 13. OF THE POWER OF CHRIST’S SOUL
QUESTION 14. OF THE DEFECTS OF BODY ASSUMED BY THE SON OF GOD
QUESTION 15. OF THE DEFECTS OF SOUL ASSUMED BY CHRIST
QUESTION 16. OF THOSE THINGS WHICH ARE APPLICABLE TO CHRIST IN HIS BEING AND BECOMING
QUESTION 17. OF CHRIST’S UNITY OF BEING
QUESTION 18. OF CHRIST’S UNITY OF WILL
QUESTION 19. OF THE UNITY OF CHRIST’S OPERATION
QUESTION 20. OF CHRIST’S SUBJECTION TO THE FATHER
QUESTION 21. OF CHRIST’S PRAYER
QUESTION 22. OF THE PRIESTHOOD OF CHRIST
QUESTION 23. OF ADOPTION AS BEFITTING TO CHRIST

QUESTION 24. OF THE PREDESTINATION OF CHRIST
QUESTION 25. OF THE ADORATION OF CHRIST
QUESTION 26. OF CHRIST AS CALLED THE MEDIATOR OF GOD AND MAN
QUESTION 27. OF THE SANCTIFICATION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN
QUESTION 28. OF THE VIRGINITY OF THE MOTHER OF GOD
QUESTION 29. OF THE ESPOUSALS OF THE MOTHER OF GOD
QUESTION 30. OF THE ANNUNCIATION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN
QUESTION 31. OF THE MATTER FROM WHICH THE SAVIOUR’S BODY WAS CONCEIVED
QUESTION 32. OF THE ACTIVE PRINCIPLE IN CHRIST’S CONCEPTION
QUESTION 33. OF THE MODE AND ORDER OF CHRIST’S CONCEPTION
QUESTION 34. OF THE PERFECTION OF THE CHILD CONCEIVED
QUESTION 35. OF CHRIST’S NATIVITY
QUESTION 36. OF THE MANIFESTATION OF THE NEWLY BORN CHRIST

QUESTION 37. OF CHRIST’S CIRCUMCISION,AND OF THE OTHER LEGAL OBSERVANCES ACCOMPLISHED IN REGARD TO THE CHILD CHRIST
QUESTION 38. OF THE BAPTISM OF JOHN
QUESTION 39. OF THE BAPTIZING OF CHRIST
QUESTION 40. OF CHRIST’S MANNER OF LIFE
QUESTION 41. OF CHRIST’S TEMPTATION
QUESTION 42. OF CHRIST’S DOCTRINE
QUESTION 43. OF THE MIRACLES WORKED BY CHRIST, IN GENERAL
QUESTION 44. OF CHRIST’S MIRACLES CONSIDERED SPECIFICALLY
QUESTION 45. OF CHRIST’S TRANSFIGURATION
QUESTION 46. THE PASSION OF CHRIST
QUESTION 47. OF THE EFFICIENT CAUSE OF CHRIST’S PASSION
QUESTION 48. OF THE EFFICIENCY OF CHRIST’S PASSION
QUESTION 49. OF THE EFFECTS OF CHRIST’S PASSION

QUESTION 50. OF THE DEATH OF CHRIST
QUESTION 51. OF CHRIST’S BURIAL
QUESTION 52. OF CHRIST’S DESCENT INTO HELL
QUESTION 53. OF CHRIST’S RESURRECTION
QUESTION 54. OF THE QUALITY OF CHRIST RISING AGAIN
QUESTION 55. OF THE MANIFESTATION OF THE RESURRECTION
QUESTION 56. OF THE CAUSALITY OF CHRIST’S RESURRECTION
QUESTION 57. OF THE ASCENSION OF CHRIST
QUESTION 58. OF CHRIST’S SITTING AT THE
RIGHT HAND OF THE FATHER
QUESTION 59. OF CHRIST’S JUDICIARY POWER
QUESTION 60. WHAT IS A SACRAMENT?
QUESTION 61. OF THE NECESSITY OF THE SACRAMENTS
QUESTION 62. OF THE SACRAMENTS’ PRINCIPAL EFFECT, WHICH IS GRACE
QUESTION 63. OF THE OTHER EFFECT OF THE SACRAMENTS, WHICH IS A CHARACTER

QUESTION 64. OF THE CAUSES OF THE SACRAMENTS
QUESTION 65. OF THE NUMBER OF THE SACRAMENTS
QUESTION 66. OF THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM
QUESTION 67. OF THE MINISTERS BY WHOM THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM IS CONFERRED
QUESTION 68. OF THOSE WHO RECEIVE BAPTISM
QUESTION 69. OF THE EFFECTS OF BAPTISM
QUESTION 70. OF CIRCUMCISION
QUESTION 71. OF THE PREPARATIONS THAT ACCOMPANY BAPTISM
QUESTION 72. OF THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION
QUESTION 73. OF THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST
QUESTION 74. OF THE MATTER OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 75. OF THE CHANGE OF BREAD
AND WINE INTO THE BODY AND BLOOD OF CHRIST
QUESTION 76. OF THE WAY IN WHICH

CHRIST IS IN THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 77. OF THE ACCIDENTS WHICH
REMAIN IN THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 78. OF THE FORM OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 79. OF THE EFFECTS OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 80. OF THE USE OR RECEIVING
OF THIS SACRAMENT IN GENERAL
QUESTION 81. OF THE USE WHICH CHRIST MADE OF THIS SACRAMENT AT ITS INSTITUTION
QUESTION 82. OF THE MINISTER OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 83. OF THE RITE OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 84. OF THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE
QUESTION 85. OF PENANCE AS A VIRTUE
QUESTION 86. OF THE EFFECT OF
PENANCE, AS REGARDS THE PARDON OF MORTAL SIN
QUESTION 87. OF THE REMISSION OF VENIAL SIN
QUESTION 88. OF THE RETURN OF SINS WHICH HAVE BEEN TAKEN AWAY BY PENANCE
QUESTION 89. OF THE RECOVERY OF
VIRTUE BY MEANS OF PENANCE
QUESTION 90. OF THE PARTS OF PENANCE,IN GENERAL

SUPPLEMENT TO THE THIRD PART OF THE SUMMA THEOLOGICA 

QUESTION 1. OF THE PARTS OF PENANCE, IN PARTICULAR, AND FIRST OF CONTRITION
QUESTION 2. OF THE OBJECT OF CONTRITION
QUESTION 3. OF THE DEGREE OF CONTRITION
QUESTION 4. OF THE TIME FOR CONTRITION
QUESTION 5. OF THE EFFECT OF CONTRITION
QUESTION 6. OF CONFESSION, AS REGARDS ITS NECESSITY
QUESTION 7. OF THE NATURE OF CONFESSION
QUESTION 8. OF THE MINISTER OF CONFESSION
QUESTION 9. OF THE QUALITY OF CONFESSION
QUESTION 10. OF THE EFFECT OF CONFESSION
QUESTION 11. OF THE SEAL OF CONFESSION
QUESTION 12. OF SATISFACTION, AS TO ITS NATURE
QUESTION 13. OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SATISFACTION
QUESTION 14. OF THE QUALITY OF SATISFACTION
QUESTION 15. OF THE MEANS OF MAKING SATISFACTION
QUESTION 16. OF THOSE WHO RECEIVE THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE
QUESTION 17. OF THE POWER OF THE KEYS
QUESTION 18. OF THE EFFECT OF THE KEYS
QUESTION 19. OF THE MINISTERS OF THE KEYS
QUESTION 20. OF THOSE ON WHOM THE
POWER OF THE KEYS CAN BE EXERCISED
QUESTION 21. OF THE DEFINITION,CONGRUITY AND CAUSE OF EXCOMMUNICATION
QUESTION 22. OF THOSE WHO CAN EXCOMMUNICATE OR BE EXCOMMUNICATED
QUESTION 23. OF COMMUNICATION WITH EXCOMMUNICATED PERSONS
QUESTION 24. OF ABSOLUTION FROM EXCOMMUNICATION
QUESTION 25. OF INDULGENCES
QUESTION 26. OF THOSE WHO CAN GRANT INDULGENCES
QUESTION 27. OF THOSE WHOM INDULGENCES AVAIL
QUESTION 28. OF THE SOLEMN RITE OF PENANCE
QUESTION 29. OF EXTREME UNCTION, AS
REGARDS ITS ESSENCE AND INSTITUTION
QUESTION 30. OF THE EFFECT OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 31. OF THE MINISTER OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 32. ON WHOM SHOULD THIS SACRAMENT BE CONFERRED AND ON WHAT PART OF THE BODY?
QUESTION 33. OF THE REPETITION OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 34. OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDER AS TO ITS ESSENCE AND ITS PARTS

QUESTION 35. OF THE EFFECT OF THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 36. OF THE QUALITIES REQUIRED OF THOSE WHO RECEIVE THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 37. OF THE DISTINCTION OF ORDERS, OF THEIR ACTS, AND THE IMPRINTING OF THE CHARACTER
QUESTION 38. OF THOSE WHO CONFER THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 39. OF THE IMPEDIMENTS TO THIS SACRAMENT
QUESTION 40. OF THE THINGS ANNEXED TO THE SACRAMENT OF ORDER
QUESTION 41. OF THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY AS DIRECTED TO AN OFFICE OF NATURE
QUESTION 42. OF MATRIMONY AS A SACRAMENT
QUESTION 43. OF MATRIMONY WITH REGARD TO THE BETROTHAL
QUESTION 44. OF THE DEFINITION OF MATRIMONY
QUESTION 45. OF THE MARRIAGE CONSENT CONSIDERED IN ITSELF
QUESTION 46. OF THE CONSENT TO WHICH
AN OATH OR CARNAL INTERCOURSE IS APPENDED
QUESTION 47. OF COMPULSORY AND CONDITIONAL CONSENT
QUESTION 48. OF THE OBJECT OF THE CONSENT
QUESTION 49. OF THE MARRIAGE GOODS
QUESTION 50. OF THE IMPEDIMENTS OF MARRIAGE, IN GENERAL
QUESTION 51. OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF ERROR
QUESTION 52. OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF THE CONDITION OF SLAVERY
QUESTION 53. OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF VOWS AND ORDERS
QUESTION 54. OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF CONSANGUINITY
QUESTION 55. OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF AFFINITY
QUESTION 56. OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF SPIRITUAL RELATIONSHIP
QUESTION 57. OF LEGAL RELATIONSHIP, WHICH IS BY ADOPTION
QUESTION 58. OF THE IMPEDIMENTS OF IMPOTENCE, SPELL, FRENZY OR MADNESS,
INCEST AND DEFECTIVE AGE
QUESTION 59. OF DISPARITY OF WORSHIP AS AN IMPEDIMENT TO MARRIAGE
QUESTION 60. OF WIFE-MURDER
QUESTION 61. OF THE IMPEDIMENT TO MARRIAGE, ARISING FROM A SOLEMN VOW
QUESTION 62. OF THE IMPEDIMENT THAT SUPERVENES TO MARRIAGE AFTER ITS
CONSUMMATION, NAMELY FORNICATION
QUESTION 63. OF SECOND MARRIAGES
QUESTION 64. OF THE THINGS ANNEXED TO MARRIAGE, AND FIRST OF THE PAYMENT OF THE MARRIAGE DEBT
QUESTION 65. OF PLURALITY OF WIVES
QUESTION 66. OF BIGAMY AND OF THE IRREGULARITY CONTRACTED THEREBY
QUESTION 67. OF THE BILL OF DIVORCE
QUESTION 68. OF ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN
QUESTION 69. OF MATTERS CONCERNING THE RESURRECTION, AND FIRST OF THE PLACE WHERE SOULS ARE AFTER DEATH
QUESTION 70. OF THE QUALITY OF THE SOUL AFTER LEAVING THE BODY, AND OF THE PUNISHMENT INFLICTED ON IT BY
MATERIAL FIRE
QUESTION 71. OF THE SUFFRAGES FOR THE DEAD

QUESTION 72. OF PRAYERS WITH REGARD TO THE SAINTS IN HEAVEN
QUESTION 73. OF THE SIGNS THAT WILL PRECEDE THE JUDGMENT
QUESTION 74. OF THE FIRE OF THE FINAL CONFLAGRATION
QUESTION 75. OF THE RESURRECTION
QUESTION 76. OF THE CAUSE OF THE RESURRECTION
QUESTION 77. OF THE TIME AND MANNER OF THE RESURRECTION
QUESTION 78. OF THE TERM “WHEREFROM” OF THE RESURRECTION
QUESTION 79. OF THE CONDITIONS OF THOSE WHO RISE AGAIN, AND FIRST OF THEIR IDENTITY
QUESTION 80. OF THE INTEGRITY OF THE BODIES IN THE RESURRECTION
QUESTION 81. OF THE QUALITY OF THOSE WHO RISE AGAIN
QUESTION 82. OF THE IMPASSIBILITY OF THE BODIES OF THE BLESSED AFTER THEIR RESURRECTION
QUESTION 83. OF THE SUBTLETY OF THE BODIES OF THE BLESSED
QUESTION 84. OF THE AGILITY OF THE BODIES OF THE BLESSED
QUESTION 85. OF THE CLARITY OF THE BEATIFIED BODIES
QUESTION 86. OF THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THE BODIES OF THE DAMNED WILL RISE AGAIN
QUESTION 87. OF THE KNOWLEDGE WHICH,AFTER RISING AGAIN, MEN WILL HAVE AT THE JUDGMENT CONCERNING MERITS AND DEMERITS
QUESTION 88. OF THE GENERAL
JUDGMENT, AS TO THE TIME AND PLACE AT WHICH IT WILL BE
QUESTION 89. OF THOSE WHO WILL JUDGE AND OF THOSE WHO WILL BE JUDGED AT THE GENERAL JUDGMENT
QUESTION 90. OF THE FORM OF THE JUDGE IN COMING TO THE JUDGMENT
QUESTION 91. OF THE QUALITY OF THE WORLD AFTER THE JUDGMENT
QUESTION 92. OF THE VISION OF THE DIVINE ESSENCE IN REFERENCE TO THE BLESSED
QUESTION 93. OF THE HAPPINESS OF THE SAINTS AND THEIR MANSIONS
QUESTION 94. OF THE RELATIONS OF THE SAINTS TOWARDS THE DAMNED
QUESTION 95. OF THE GIFTS OF THE BLESSED
QUESTION 96. OF THE AUREOLES
QUESTION 97. OF THE PUNISHMENT OF THE DAMNED
QUESTION 98. OF THE WILL AND INTELLECT OF THE DAMNED
QUESTION 99. OF GOD’S MERCY AND JUSTICE TOWARDS THE DAMNED


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