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Advocatetanmoy Law of China

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Chinese Law

  • Adjudicatory system in China under Constitution - The socialist system is the fundamental system of the People’s Republic of China. Leadership by the Communist Party of China is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is prohibited for any organization or individual to damage the socialist system.
  • Advertisement Law of the People’s Republic of China – 1995 - This Law is formulated in order to regulate advertising activities, promote the sound development of advertising business, protect the legitimate rights and interests of consumers, maintain the socio-economic order, and enable advertisements to play a positive role in the socialist market economy.
  • Catalogue of Currently Effective Chinese Laws - (288 items) (As of October 23, 2021, the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress – legal department) 现行有效法律目录(288件) 截至2021年10月23日十三届全国人大常委会第三十一次会议闭幕 按法律部门分类 Constitution of the People’s Republic of China (1982) Amendments to the Constitution of the
  • China’s Space Activities (Text of White Paper of 2016) - The Chinese government takes the space industry as an important part of the nation's overall development strategy, and adheres to the principle of exploration and utilization of outer space for peaceful purposes. Over the past 60 years of remarkable development since its space industry was established in 1956, China has made great achievements in this sphere, including the development of atomic and hydrogen bombs, missiles, man-made satellites, manned spaceflight and lunar probe.
  • Chinese Regulations on Spoken and Written Language for Xinjiang Uygur Region-1993 - In order to promote the development and prosperity of the spoken and written languages ​​of all ethnic groups and improve the scientific and cultural level of the people of all ethnic groups, in accordance with the "Law of the People's Republic of China on Regional Autonomy of Ethnic Groups", "The Law of the People's Republic of China on Common Languages ​​and Characters" and other relevant laws and regulations
  • Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China-1986 - This Law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution and the actual situation in our country, drawing upon our practical experience in civil activities, for the purpose of protecting the lawful civil rights and interests of citizens and legal persons and correctly adjusting civil relations, so as to meet the needs of the developing socialist modernization.
  • Civil Procedure Law: People’s Republic of China - In dealing with civil litigation arising from disputes on property and personal relations between citizens, legal persons or other organizations and between the three of them, the peoples' courts shall apply the provisions of this Law.
  • CONTRACT LAW OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA-1999 - This Law is enacted for the purpose of protecting the legitimate rights and interests of the parties to contracts, maintaining the socio-economic order and promoting the socialist modernization- For the purpose of this Law, a contract means an agreement on the establishment, alteration or termination of a civil right-obligation relationship between natural persons, legal persons or other organizations as subjects with equal status.
  • Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China-1997 - (Adopted at the Second Session of the Fifth National People's Congress on July 1, 1979, Revised at the Fifth Session of the Eighth National People's Congress on March 14, 1997)-Amendment VIII, adopted at the 19th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National People’s Congress on February 25, 2011.
  • Criminal Procedure Law: People’s Republic of China - The aim of the Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China is: to ensure accurate and timely ascertainment of facts about crimes, correct application of law, punishment of criminals and protection of the innocent against being investigated for criminal responsibility; to enhance the citizens' awareness of the need to abide by law and to fight vigorously against criminal acts in order to safeguard the socialist legal system, to protect the citizens' personal rights; their property rights, democratic rights and other rights; and to guarantee smooth progress of the cause of socialist development.
  • Deed Tax Law-Republic of China-2020 -  Entities and individuals, to which or whom the land use rights and house ownership are transferred within the territory of the People’s Republic of China, are taxpayers of deed tax and shall pay deed tax in accordance with the provisions of this Law.
  • Distribution of Procedures for Requesting Lunar Samples-Notice by China National Space Administration-2021 - According to basic uses, lunar samples are divided into four types in principle: permanently stored samples, permanently stored backup samples, research samples, and samples for public beneficial activities, of which permanently stored samples and permanently stored backup samples are sealed and maintained in a pristine state as original samples, research samples are used for scientific investigation and analysis, and the samples for public beneficial activities are used for activities such as exhibition, public outreach, and education.
  • Explanation on Draft Property Law of the People’s Republic of China-2007 - China's General Principles of the Civil Law, Land Administration Law, Law on the Administration of the Urban Real Estate, Law on Land Contract in Rural Areas, Guaranty Law, etc., include not a few provisions on property, which have played an important role in economic and social development. As the reform deepens, the opening-up extends and the socialist economy, politics, culture and society moves forward, in order to meet the requirements of materializing in an all-round way the scientific concept of development and building of a socialist harmonious society, it is necessary to enact a property law, in accordance with the Constitution
  • Foreign Investment Law of the People’s Republic of China (2020) - Foreign Investment Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "the Law") is hereby formulated in accordance with the Constitution of the People's Republic of China in a bid to further expand opening-up, vigorously promote foreign investment, protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors, standardize the management of foreign investment, impel the formation of a new pattern of all-round opening-up and boost the sound development of the socialist market economy.
  • Fundamental rights and duties-Constitution of China - No state organ, public organization or individual may compel citizens to believe in, or not to believe in, any religion; nor may they discriminate against citizens who believe in, or do not believe in, any religion.
  • General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China-1987 - This Law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution and the actual situation in our country, drawing upon our practical experience in civil activities, for the purpose of protecting the lawful civil rights and interests of citizens and legal persons and correctly adjusting civil relations, so as to meet the needs of the developing socialist modernization.
  • General Provisions of the Civil Law: China  - This Law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China for the purposes of protecting the legitimate rights and interests of the persons of the civil law, properly regulating civil relations and maintaining social and economic order, adapting to the need of developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and carrying forward the core socialist values.
  • Hong Kong National Security Law-People’s Republic of China - This Law is enacted, in accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and the Decision of the National People’s Congress on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region,
  • Human Rights : Constitutional and Judicial Framework of China - The Constitution stipulates that the lawful private property of citizens shall not be infringed upon. The Property Law stipulates that the property rights of the State, collective groups, private individuals and other rights holders are protected under the law, and may not be infringed upon by any entity or individual.
  • Interpretation of Evidence Law under Criminal Procedure Code of China - evidence is only the material that can be used to prove the facts of the case, and its authenticity needs to be reviewed by the judicial authority. Only when the evidence itself is true can the true situation of the case be proved. False evidence will cause errors in the determination of the case. Therefore, this paragraph clearly stipulates that "the evidence must be verified to be true before it can be used as the basis for the verdict." This is the fundamental principle of the use of evidence. Violation of this principle will lead to wrong cases, false cases, indulgence of crimes or infringement of the legal rights of citizens.
  • Judges Law of the People’s Republic of China-2019 - This law is formulated on the basis of the constitution so as to comprehensively advance the establishment of a high-caliber judicial cadre, to strengthen the management and oversight of judges, to protect judges' lawful rights and interests, to ensure that the people's courts lawfully, independently, and justly exercise the adjudication power; to ensure judges' performance of their duties in accordance with law; and to ensure judicial fairness.
  • Land Border Law of the People’s Republic of China-2021 -  This Law shall apply to the delineation and demarcation of land borders of the People's Republic of China, the defense, management and construction of land borders and borders, and international cooperation in land border affairs.
  • Land Tax Act of China-1977 - For the sake of economic development, promoting land utilization, and enhance social welfare, land used for national defense, government administration, public facilities, passages under balconies or hallways, academic research, education, transportation, irrigation, water supply, salt mining, religious purpose, health care, sanitation, public or private cemetery, charity or public interest enterprises, and reasonable self-use residence, as well as reconsolidated, reclaimed and ameliorated land may receive appropriate reduction or exemption; the relevant reduction and exemption criteria and procedures shall be prescribed by the Executive Yuan.
  • Law of Administrative Penalty-Republic of China-2021 - This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution for the purposes of standardizing the establishment and enforcement of administrative penalties, guaranteeing and supervising the effective administration by administrative organs, upholding public interests, maintaining public order, and protecting the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations.
  • Law of the People’s Republic of China on National Defense Education-2001 - This Law is enacted in accordance with the National Defense Law and the Education Law for the purpose of popularizing and strengthening education in national defense, carrying forward the spirit of patriotism, promoting the building of national defense and furthering socialist cultural and ethical progress.
  • Law of the People’s Republic of China on Officers in Active Service-2000 - The General Political Department of the People's Liberation Army shall be responsible for managing the affairs concerning the officers of the entire Army, and the political departments of units at or above the regiment level shall be responsible for managing the affairs concerning the officers of their respective units.
  • Law of the People’s Republic of China on the National Flag-1990 - This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution with a view to defending the dignity of the National Flag, enhancing citizens' consciousness of the State and promoting the spirit of patriotism. The National Flag of the People's Republic of China is the symbol and hallmark of the People's Republic of China. All citizens and organizations shall respect and care for the National Flag
  • Law of the People’s Republic of China on the People’s Armed Police Force-2009 - The Law of the People's Republic of China on the People's Armed Police Force, which was adopted at the 10th session of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on August 27, 2009, is hereby promulgated and shall come into force on the date of promulgation.
  • Law of the People’s Republic of China on Lawyers-2007 - The Law of the People's Republic of China on Lawyers, revised and adopted at the 30th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on October 28, 2007, is hereby promulgated and shall go into effect as of June 1, 2008.
  • Law of the People’s Republic of China on the People’s Armed Police-2020 - This Law is enacted for the purposes of regulating and guaranteeing the performance of functions by the People’s Armed Police (PAP), building a strong and modernized PAP, maintaining national security and social stability, and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations.
  • Legislation Law of the People’s Republic of China-2000 - To regulate legislative activities, establish a sound legislative system of the state, raise the quality of legislation, improve the Chinese socialist legal system, allow legislation to play a guiding and driving role, safeguard and develop socialist democracy, comprehensively promote the rule of law, and build a socialist country ruled by law, this Law is developed in accordance with the Constitution.
  • Marriage Law of China-2001  - Both the man and the woman desiring to contract a marriage shall register in person with the marriage registration office. If the proposed marriage is found to conform with the provisions of this Law, the couple shall be allowed to register and issued marriage certificates. The husband-and-wife relationship shall be established as soon as they obtain the marriage certificates. A couple shall go through marriage registration if it has not done so.
  • Military Service Law of the People’s Republic of China-1998 - Adopted at the Second Session of the Sixth National People's Congress on May 31, 1984, Issued by Order No.14 of the President of the People's Republic of China, amended for the first time in accordance with the Decision of the Sixth Session of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress Concerning Amendment to the Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China on December 29, 1998; amended for the second time in accordance with the Decision of the Tenth Session of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress Concerning Amendment to the Some Laws on August 27, 2009; and amended for the third time in accordance with the Decision of the 23rd Session of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress Concerning Amendment to the Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China on October 29, 2011
  • National People’s Congress of China passed the National Security Law for Hong Kong - It provides for the crimes of splitting the country, subverting the state power, the crime of terrorist activities, collusion with foreign or foreign forces to endanger national security, and the jurisdiction, application and procedures of the law.
  • National Security Law of the People’s Republic of China (2015) - The National Security Law of the People's Republic of China, as adopted at the 15th session of the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on July 1, 2015, is hereby issued and shall come into force on the date of issuance.
  • Newspaper and Periodical Quality Management Regulations – China - Newspapers' and periodicals' quality includes four items; the quality of content, proofreading, publication form, and printing; which graded as Satisfactory or Substandard. Where all four items are satisfactory, quality is satisfactory; where any of the four items is substandard, quality is substandard.
  • People’s Court Online Procedure Rules-Supreme People’s Court China-16/06/2021 - To promote and regulate online litigation activities, improve online procedural rules to protect the legitimate rights of the parties to the main proceedings and other participants in the proceedings according to law, to ensure the fair, efficient and hear the case, according to " People's Republic of China Criminal Procedure Law ," " People's Republic of China Civil Procedure Law "The Administrative Litigation Law of the People's Republic of China " and other relevant laws and regulations, combined with the actual work of the people's courts, formulate these rules.
  • People’s Armed Police Act-2020 - This Law is enacted for the purposes of regulating and guaranteeing the performance of functions by the People’s Armed Police (PAP), building a strong and modernized PAP, maintaining national security and social stability, and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations.
  • Pharmaceutical Administration Law of China-1984 - This Law is formulated with a view to enhancing the supervision and control of pharmaceuticals, ensuring their quality, improving their curative effects, guaranteeing safety in medication and safeguarding the health of the people.
  • Prevention and Control of Environment Pollution Caused by Solid Wastes-2020 China - The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environment Pollution Caused by Solid Wastes, as revised and adopted at the 17th Session of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on April 29, 2020, is hereby issued and shall come into force on September 1, 2020.
  • Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency-Republic of China-2020 - The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, adopted at the 24th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on December 26, 2020, is hereby promulgated and shall come into force on June 1, 2021.
  • Prison Law of the People’s Republic of China-2012 - This Law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution for the purpose of correctly executing criminal punishments, punishing and reforming prisoners, preventing and reducing crimes.  A prison is an organ of the State for executing criminal punishments. Criminal punishments of prisoners sentenced to death with a two-year suspension of execution, life imprisonment, or fixed-term imprisonment shall be executed in prisons under the Criminal Law and the Criminal Procedure Law. A prison shall, with regard to prisoners, implement the principle of combining punishment with reform and combining education with labor, in order to transform them into law-abiding citizens.
  • Procurators Law of the People’s Republic of China-2019 - This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution to advance the cultivation of high-caliber procurators, strengthen the management and supervision over them, safeguard their legitimate rights and interests, ensure that people’s procuratorates independently exercise their procuratorial power in accordance with the law and that procurators legally perform their functions and duties, and safeguard justice.
  • Protection of Cultural Relics: Law of the People’s Republic of China - This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution, with a view to strengthening the protection of cultural relics, inheriting the splendid historical and cultural legacy of the Chinese nation, promoting scientific research, conducting education in patriotism and in the revolutionary tradition, and building a socialist society with cultural, ideological and material progress.
  • Regulation of Lawyers: Republic of China`s Law on Lawyers - This Law is enacted in order to improve the system governing lawyers, to standardize the practice of lawyers, to ensure that lawyers practice according to law, and to enable lawyers to play their role in the development of the socialist legal system.
  • Rules for Buddhist Monks and Nuns in Monasteries: Supervision under Socialist conditions - They must respect the leadership of the Party and government, respect the Socialist system, strenuously study relevant official policies and voluntarily accept the leadership and oversight of government offices at all levels.
  • Text of the Proclamation of the Central People’s Government of the China (PRC)-1/10/1949 - Now, the People's War of Liberation has been basically won, and the majority of the people in the country have been liberated. On this foundation, the first session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference , composed of delegates of all the democratic parties and people's organization of China, the People's Liberation Army, the various regions and nationalities of the country, and the overseas Chinese and other patriotic elements, has been convened.
  • The Chinese Law Handbook - Under construction Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests (2013) Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of
  • Tort Law of the People’s Republic of China (2009) - “Civil rights and interests” used in this Law shall include the right to life, the right to health, the right to name, the right to reputation, the right to honor, right to self image, right of privacy, marital autonomy, guardianship, ownership, usufruct, security interest, copyright, patent right, exclusive right to use a trademark, right to discovery, equities, right of succession, and other personal and property rights and interests.
  • Vaccine Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China-2019 -  This Law shall govern activities involving vaccine development, manufacture, distribution, immunization and vaccine administration in the territory of the People’s Republic of China. In cases of not being stipulated in this Law, those activities shall be governed by the Drug Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases and relevant laws and administrative regulations.
  • Wetland Conservation Law of the People’s Republic of China (2021) - Laws that are applicable to conservation, utilization, and related management of wetlands such as rivers, lakes, and certain sea areas also include, inter alia, the Water Law of the People's Republic of China, the Flood Control Law of the People's Republic of China, the Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, the Marine Environment Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, the Yangtze River Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, the Fisheries Law of the People's Republic of China, and the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Administration of the Use of Sea Areas.
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