U. N. R. Rao Vs Smt. Indira Gandhi [ALL SC 1971 MARCH]

AIR 1971 SC 1002 : (1971) Suppl. SCR 46 : (1971) 2 SCC 63 In India, as in England, the executive has to act subject to the control of the legislature, but in what way is this control exercisable by the legislature? (SUPREME COURT OF INDIA) U. N. R. Rao Appellant Versus Smt. indira Gandhi Respondent (Before : S. M. Sikri, C.J.I., G. K. Mitter, … Continue reading U. N. R. Rao Vs Smt. Indira Gandhi [ALL SC 1971 MARCH]

What is Constitution ?

In INDIRA NEHRU GANDHI VS SHRI RAJ NARAIN [ALL SC 1975 NOVEMBER] it is held :- The hierarchical structure of the legal order of a State is that the Constitution is the highest level within national law. The Constitution in the formal sense is a solemn document containing a set of legal norms which may be changed only when special prescriptions are observed. The purpose of special prescriptions … Continue reading What is Constitution ?

Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands of August 24, 1815

The Netherlands is a hereditary constitutional monarchy, with a parliamentary form of government based on the principles of ministerial responsibility, with the Monarch as the Head of State. The Kingdom of the Netherlands dates from 1814. The Constitution of the Netherlands (hereinafter “NC”) was adopted in 1814 and was last amended on 7 July 2002. CHAPTER 1, Fundamental rights Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 … Continue reading Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands of August 24, 1815

Basic Law of Governance [ Constitution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia]

Basic Law of Governance The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud issued a Royal Decree embodying the Basic Law of Governance. The following is the text of the Decree. In the name of God, the most compassionate, the most Merciful. No: A/90 Dated 27th Sha’ban 1412 H (1 March 1992) With the help of God, we, Fahd Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, … Continue reading Basic Law of Governance [ Constitution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia]

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (1979) Qānūn-e asāsī

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran replaced the monarchical constitution of 1906 Contents PREAMBLE Introduction to the Constitution The Dawn of the Movement Islamic Government The Wrath of the People The Price the Nation Paid The Form of Government in Islam The Economy is a Means, Not an End Woman in the Constitution An Ideological Army The Judiciary in the Constitution Executive Power … Continue reading The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (1979) Qānūn-e asāsī

THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

(Full Text) PREAMBLE We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of … Continue reading THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

Constitution of the United Kingdom

Apart from some parliamentary legislations, The United Kingdom never enacted any single document called as ‘ Constitution of United Kingdom ‘ or such. Having said so nonetheless following legislations have constitutional effects. Therefore, it can be safely said that the British constitution is a collection of important legislations which formulate the basic policy of the State and its People. Following Laws featuring as constitutionally important … Continue reading Constitution of the United Kingdom

Constitution of Malaysia

 As at 1 November 2010 Contents  FEDERAL CONSTITUTION 1.1PART I THE STATES, RELIGION AND LAW OF THE FEDERATION 1.1.1Article 1: Name, States and territories of the Federation 1.1.2Article 2: Admission of new territories into the Federation 1.1.3Article 3: Religion of the Federation 1.1.4Article 4: Supreme law of the Federation 1.2PART II FUNDAMENTAL LIBERTIES 1.2.1Article 5: Liberty of the person 1.2.2Article 6: Slavery and forced labour … Continue reading Constitution of Malaysia

Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation

Adopted by the popular vote on 12 March 2000, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (Federal Decree of 8 Oct. 1999, Federal Council Decree of 17 May 2000, Federal Decree of 8 March 2005 Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation of 18 April 1999 (Status as of 12 February 2017) Preamble In the name of Almighty God! The Swiss People and the Cantons, mindful of … Continue reading Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation