WHEREAS the people of Kenya, in exercise of their sovereign right to replace the Constitution, ratified the proposed New Constitution of Kenya through a referendum held on the 4th August, 2010, in accordance with the provisions of section 47A of the Constitution of Kenya and Part V of the Constitution of Kenya Review Act, 2008; Arrangement of Sections CHAPTER ONE […]

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अष्टाध्यायी-गणपाठः गणपाठः 1. सर्वादिः सर्वादीनिसर्वनामानि१.१.२७ सर्वादि। सर्व। विश्व। उभ। उभय। डतर। डतम। अन्य। अन्यतर। इतर। त्वत्। त्व। नेम। सम। सिम। पूर्वपरावरदक्षिणोत्तरापराधराणिव्यवस्थायामसंज्ञायाम्। स्वमज्ञातिधनाख्यायाम्। अन्तरंबहिर्योगोपसंव्यानयोः। त्यद्। यद्। एतद्। इदम्। अदस्। एक। द्वि। युष्मद्। अस्मद्। भवतु। किम्। 2. स्वरादिः स्वरादिनिपातमव्ययम्१.१.३७ स्वरादिः। स्वर्। अन्तर्। प्रातर्। अन्तोदात्ताः। पुनर्। सनुतर्। उच्चैस्। नीचैस्। शनैस्। ऋधक्। ऋते। युगपत्। आरात्। अन्तिकात्। पृथक्। आद्युदात्ताः। ह्यस्। स्वस्। दिवा। रात्रौ। सायम्। चिरम्। […]

Supreme  Court in Indra Sawhney seems to suggest that the creamy layer should be excluded, however there was no unanimity for determining what is creamy layer. Some judges took the view that the criteria for creamy layer exclusion is social advancement (i.e. based on social basis, educational, and economical basis) and others took the view that it will be economic […]

A mere misconstruction of a provision of law does not render the decision of a quasi-judicial tribunal void (as being beyond its jurisdiction). It is a good and valid decision in law until and unless it is corrected in the appropriate manner. So long as that decision stands, despite its being erroneous, it must be regarding as one authorised by law and where, under such a decision a person is held liable to pay a tax that person cannot treat the decision as a nullity and contend that what is demanded of him is something which is not authorised by law. The position would be the same even though upon a proper construction, the law under which the decision was given did not authorise such a levy.

Article 129 of the Constitution of India, it reads: 129. Supreme Court to be a court of record:-The Supreme Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the power of such a court including the power of punish for contempt of itself.  The Article on its plain language vests this Court with all the powers of a […]

Promulgated on November 3, 1946 Came into effect on May 3, 1947 We, the Japanese people, acting through our duly elected representatives in the National Diet, determined that we shall secure for ourselves and our posterity the fruits of peaceful cooperation with all nations and the blessings of liberty throughout this land, and resolved that never again shall we be […]

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