Constitution of India

This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India [Art 393: Name of the Constitution]

This article and articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 60, 324, 366, 367, 379, 380, 388, 391, 392 and 393 shall come into force at once, and the remaining provisions of this Constitution shall come into force on the twenty-sixth day of January 1950, which day is referred to in this Constitution as the commencement of this Constitution [Art 394 Commencement of the Constitution ]

The Indian Independence Act, 1947 and the Government of India Act, 1935, together with all enactments amending or supplementing the latter[Article 395: Repeals]



Constituent Assembly Debates

The Constitution of India: Original Unamended Version 1949

National Constitutions [198 Countries]


  • Article 1 Constitution of India - India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.
  • Article 13 Constitution of India-Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights - 13- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights (1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as […]
  • Article 14 Constitution of India-Equality before law - Constitution of India 14. Equality before law – The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. […]
  • Article 142 Constitution of India - Article 142 Constitution of India- Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.  (1) The Supreme Court in the exercise of its jurisdiction may pass such […]
  • Article 19 Constitution of India - Nothing in sub-clause (a) of clause (1) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions
  • Article 2 Constitution of India - Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
  • Article 293(3) Constitution of India - The Government of India may, subject to such conditions as may be laid down by or under any law made by Parliament, make loans to any State or, so long as any limits fixed under article 292 are not exceeded, give guarantees in respect of loans raised by any State, and any sums required for the purpose of making such loans shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • Article 3 Constitution of India - Indian Parliament may by law- (a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State; (b) increase the area of any State; (c) diminish the area of any State; (d) alter the boundaries of any State; (e) alter the name of any State:
  • Article 32 Constitution of India - The Supreme Court shall have power to issue directions or orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari , whichever may be appropriate, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by this Part.
  • Article 333 Constitution of India - Notwithstanding anything in article 170, the Governor of a State may, if he is of opinion that the Anglo-Indian community needs representation in the Legislative Assembly of the State and is not adequately represented therein, nominate one member of that community to the Assembly.
  • Article 356 Constitution of India - If the President, on receipt of report from the Governor of a State or otherwise, is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, the President may by Proclamation-
  • Article 4 Constitution of India - No law made under article 2 and 3 shall be deemed to be an amendment of Indian Constitution for the purposes of article 368.
  • Article 5 Constitution of India - Citizenship- who was born,whose parents was born, ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.