In the system of Roman Republic, a dictator was a person temporarily granted significant power over the state during times of war. The office was held for only 6 months. The ideal model was Cincinnatus, who according to legend, was plowing when called to dictatorship, saved Rome from invasion, and who afterwards returned to his labour, renouncing every honour and power. Other famous dictatores were Lucius Sulla and Julius Caesar.
An executive order is an edict issued by a member of the executive branch of a government, usually the head of that branch. The term is mostly used by the United States […]
Civil law has at least three meanings. It may connote an entire legal system, or either of two different bodies of law within a legal system: a legal system the set of rules governing relations between […]
Executive (government) Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. The de facto most senior figure in an executive is referred to as the head of government. […]
A court is an official, public forum which a public power establishes by lawful authority to adjudicate disputes, and to dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the law. Types Of Courts Some courts may function with a jury that make decisions […]
The common law originally developed under the auspices of the adversarial system in historical England from judicial decisions that were based in tradition, custom, and precedent. The form of reasoning used in common law is known as casuistry or case-based reasoning. Common law may be unwritten or written in statutes or codes. The common law, as applied in civil cases (as distinct from criminal cases), was devised as a means of compensating someone for wrongful acts known as torts, including both intentional torts and torts caused by negligence and as developing the body of law recognizing and regulating contracts.
Warrant (law) In law, a warrant can mean any authorization. Often in statute the warrant of a particular person is required before certain administrative actions can take place. For example, before the United States Secretary of State may affix […]
Writ In law, a writ is a formal written order issued by a government entity in the name of the sovereign power. In most cases, this government entity is a court. Two kinds of writs are warrants and prerogative writs, but there are many […]
Social justice (Civil Justice) Social justice, sometimes called civil justice, is a concept largely based on various social contract theories. Most variations on the concept hold that as governments are instituted among populations for the […]
Rhetoric Rhetoric (from Greek ρητωρ, rhêtôr, “orator”) is one of the three original liberal arts or trivium (the other members are dialectic and grammar). While it has meant many different things during its 2500-year history, it is generally described today as the art […]
Logic In ordinary language, logic is the reasoning used to reach a conclusion from a set of assumptions. More formally, logic is concerned with inference—the process whereby new assertions are produced from already established ones. As […]