Doctrine of unconscionability of arbitration clause

The unconscionability of the arbitration clause can be considered separately from that of the contract as a whole. Respect for arbitration is based on it being a cost-effective and efficient method of resolving disputes. When arbitration is realistically unattainable, it amounts to no dispute resolution mechanism at all. Given the conclusion that the arbitration agreement is invalid because it is unconscionable.

Arbitration and Special Arbitration under International Law Of Sea UNO Convention On The Law Of Sea 1982

A list of arbitrators shall be drawn up and maintained by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Every State Party shall be entitled to nominate four arbitrators, each of whom shall be a person experienced in maritime affairs and enjoying the highest reputation for fairness, competence and integrity. The names of the persons so nominated shall constitute the list.

ICANN Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy-1999

This Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Policy”) has been adopted by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”), is incorporated by reference into your Registration Agreement, and sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between you and any party other than us (the registrar) over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by you.

UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration-2013


For the purposes of the Rules on Transparency, a “treaty” shall be understood broadly as encompassing any bilateral or multilateral treaty that contains provisions on the protection of investments or investors and a right for investors to resort to arbitration against Parties to the treaty, including any treaty commonly referred to as a free trade agreement, economic integration agreement, trade and investment framework or cooperation agreement, or bilateral investment treaty.

Permanent Court of Arbitration Schedule of Fees and Costs


The PCA is an intergovernmental organization devoted chiefly to the administration of international dispute resolution proceedings involving at least one state, state-controlled entity, or intergovernmental organization. As such, the PCA does not seek to provide full administrative services in disputes exclusively between private parties.