Terrorism

Al Qaeda Manual: Declaration of Jihad

GOVERNMENT EXHIBIT 1677-T

UK/BM TRANSLATION

The Al Qaeda Manual

The attached manual was located by the Manchester (England) Metropolitan Police
during a search of an al Qaeda member’s home. The manual was found in a computer file described as “the military series” related to the “Declaration of Jihad.” The manual was translated into English and was introduced earlier this year at the embassy bombing trial in New York.

IT IS FORBIDDEN TO REMOVE THIS FROM THE HOUSE

DECLARATION OF JIHAD [HOLY WAR] AGAINST THE COUNTRY’S TYRANTS

MILITARY SERIES

[Emblem]: A drawing of the globe emphasizing the Middle East and Africa with a sword through the globe

[On the emblem:] Military Studies in the Jihad [Holy War] Against the Tyrants

[E] 19/220

In the name of Allah, the merciful and compassionate

PRESENTATION

To those champions who avowed the truth day and night… …Andwrote with their blood and sufferings these phrases…

*- The confrontation that we are calling for with the apostate regimes does not know Socratic debates…, Platonic ideals…, nor Aristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, the ideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacy of the cannon and machine-gun.


Islamic governments have never and will never be established through peaceful solutions and cooperative councils. They are established as they [always] have been

by pen and gun
by word and bullet
by tongue and teeth

In the name of Allah, the merciful and compassionate Belongs to the guest house
Please do not remove it from the house except with permission.

[Emblem and signature, illegible]

Pledge,O Sister
To the sister believer whose clothes the criminals have stripped off.
To the sister believer whose hair the oppressors have shaved.
To the sister believer who’s body has been abused by the human dogs.
To the sister believer whose…

Pledge, O Sister
Covenant, O Sister…to make their women widows and their children orphans.
Covenant, O Sister…to make them desire death and hate appointments and prestige.
Covenant, O Sister… to slaughter them like lambs and let the Nile, al-Asi, and Euphrates rivers flow with their blood.
Covenant, O Sister… to be a pick of destruction for every godless and apostate regime.
Covenant, O Sister… to retaliate for you against every dog who touch you even with a bad word.

In the name of Allah, the merciful and compassionate Thanks be to Allah. We thank him, turn to him, ask his forgiveness, and seek refuge in him from our wicked souls and bad
deeds. Whomever Allah enlightens will not be misguided, and the deceiver will never be guided. I declare that there is no god but Allah alone; he has no partners. I also declare that Mohammed is his servant and prophet.

[Koranic verses]:

ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam”

“O mankind! Fear your guardian lord who created you from a single person. Created, out of it, his mate, and from them twain scattered [like seeds] countless men and women; fear Allah, through whom ye demand your mutual [rights], and be heedful of the wombs [that bore you]: for Allah ever watches over you.”

“O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and make your utterance straight forward: That he may make your conduct whole and sound and forgive you your sins. He that obeys Allah and his messenger, has already attained the great victory.”

Afterward,

The most truthful saying is the book of Allah and the best guidance is that of Mohammed, God bless and keep him.

[Therefore,]the worst thing is to introduce something new, for every novelty is an act of heresy and each heresy is a deception.

Introduction

Martyrs were killed, women were widowed, children were orphaned, men were handcuffed, chaste women’s heads were shaved, harlots’ heads were crowned, atrocities were inflicted on the innocent, gifts were given to the wicked, virgins were raped on the
prostitution alter…

After the fall of our orthodox caliphates on March 3, 1924 and after expelling the colonialists, our Islamic nation was afflicted with apostate rulers who took over in the Moslem nation. These .rulers turned out to be more infidel and criminal than the colonialists themselves. Moslems have endured all kinds of harm, oppression, and torture at their hands.

Those apostate rulers threw thousands of the Haraka Al-Islamyia (Islamic Movement) youth in gloomy jails and detention centers that were equipped with the most modern torture devices and [manned with] experts in oppression and torture. Those youth had
refused to move in the rulers’ orbit, obscure matters to the youth, and oppose the idea of rebelling against the rulers.

But they [the rulers] did not stop there; they started to fragment the essence of the Islamic nation by trying to eradicate its Moslem identity. Thus, they started spreading godless and atheistic views among the youth. We found some that claimed that socialism was from Islam, democracy was the [religious] council, and the prophet-God bless and keep him-propagandized communism.

Colonialism and its followers, the apostate rulers, then started to openly erect crusader centers, societies, and organizations like Masonic Lodges, Lions and Rotary clubs, and foreign schools.

They aimed at producing a wasted generation that pursued everything that is western and produced rulers, ministers, leaders, physicians, engineers, businessmen, politicians,
journalists, and information specialists. [Koranic verse:] “And Allah’s enemies plotted and planned, and Allah too planned, and the best of planners is Allah.”

They [the rulers] tried, using every means and [kind of] seduction, to produce a generation of young men that did not know [anything] except what they [the rulers] want, did not say except what they [the rulers] think about, did not live except according
to their [the rulers’) way, and did not dress except in their [the rulers’] clothes. However, majestic Allah turned their deception back on them, as a large group of those young men who were raised by them [the rulers] woke up from their sleep and returned to Allah, regretting and repenting.

The young men returning to Allah realized that Islam is not just performing rituals but a complete system: Religion and government, worship and Jihad [holy war], ethics and dealing with people, and the Koran and sword. The bitter situation that the nation has reached is a result of its divergence from Allah’s course and his righteous law for all places and times. That [bitter situation] came about as a result of its children’s love for the world, their loathing of death, and their abandonment of Jihad [holy war].

Unbelief is still the same. It pushed Abou Jahl- may Allah curse him-and Kureish’s valiant infidels to battle the prophet – God bless and keep him – and to torture his companions – may Allah’s grace be on them. It is the same unbelief that drove Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Gadhafi, Hafez Assad, Saleh, Fahed -Allah’s curse be upon the non-believing leaders – and all the apostate Arab rulers to torture, kill, imprison, and torment Moslems.

These young men realized that an Islamic government would never be established except by the bomb and rifle. Islam does not coincide or make a truce with unbelief, but rather confronts it.

The confrontation that Islam calls for with these godless and apostate regimes, does not know Socratic debates, Platonic ideals nor Aristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, the ideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacy of the cannon and machine-gun.

The young came to prepare themselves for Jihad [holy war], commanded by the majestic Allah’s order in the holy Koran. [Koranic verse:] “Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies of Allah and your enemies, and others besides whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know.”

I present this humble effort to these young Moslem men who are pure, believing, and fighting for the cause of Allah. It is my contribution toward paving the road that leads to majestic Allah and establishes a caliphate according to the prophecy. According to Imam Ahmad’s account, the prophet – God bless and keep him – said,…

[A few lines of Hadith verses, not translated]

FIRST LESSON

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

5- We cannot resist this state of ignorance unless we unite our
ranks, and adhere to our religion. Without that, the
establishment of religion would be a dream or illusion that is
impassible to achieve or even imagine its achievement. Sheik Ibn
Taimia – may Allah have mercy on him – said, “The interests of
all Adam’s children would not be realized in the present life,
nor in the next, except through assembly, cooperation, and mutual
assistance. Cooperation is for achieving their interests and
mutual assistance is for overcoming their adversities. That is
why it has been said, ‘man is civilized by nature.’ Therefore,
if they unite there will be favorable matters that they do, and
corrupting matters to avoid. They will be obedient to the
commandment of those goals and avoidant of those immoralities.
It is necessary that all Adam’s children obey.”

He [Sheik Inb Taimia] then says, “It should be understood that
governing the people’s affairs is one of the greatest religious
obligations. In fact, without it, religion and world [affairs]
could not be established. The interests of Adam’s children would
not be achieved except in assembly, because of their mutual need.
When they assemble, it is necessary to [have] a leader. Allah’s
prophet – God bless and keep him – even said, ‘If three [people]
come together let them pick a leader.’ He then necessitated the
rule by one of a small, non-essential travel assembly in order to
draw attention to the remaining types of assembly. Since Allah
has obligated us to do good and avoid the unlawful, that would
not be done except through force and lording. Likewise, the rest
of what he [God] obligated [us with] would not be accomplished
except by force and lordship, be it Jihad [holy war], justice,
pilgrimage, assembly, holidays, support of the oppressed, or the
establishment of boundaries. That is why it has been said, “the
sultan is Allah’s shadow on earth.'”


The book “Tharwat Al-Sinam Fe Al-Ta’at wa Al-Nizam,” by Ibrahim Al-Masri, copying from Al-Fannawi Ibn Taimi’s collection, 28-380.


Principles of Military Organization:

Military Organization has three main principles without which it cannot be established.

  1. Military Organization commander and advisory council
  2. The soldiers (individual members)
  3. A clearly defined strategy
    Military Organization Requirements:
    The Military Organization dictates a number of requirements to assist it in confrontation and endurance.

These are:

  1. Forged documents and counterfeit currency
  2. Apartments and hiding places
  3. Communication means
  4. Transportation means
  5. Information
  6. Arms and ammunition
  7. Transport

Missions Required of the Military Organization:

The main mission for which the Military Organization is responsible is:

The overthrow of the godless regimes and their replacement with an Islamic regime. Other missions consist of the following:

  1. Gathering information about the enemy, the land, the installations, and the neighbors.
  2. Kidnaping enemy personnel, documents, secrets, and arms.
  3. Assassinating enemy personnel as well as foreign tourists.
  4. Freeing the brothers who are captured by the enemy.
  5. Spreading rumors and writing statements that instigate people against the enemy.
  6. Blasting and destroying the places of amusement, immorality, and sin; not a vital target.
  7. Blasting and destroying the embassies and attacking vital economic centers.
  8. Blasting and destroying bridges leading into and out of the cities.

Importance of the Military Organization:

  1. Removal of those personalities that block the call’s path.
    [A different handwriting:] All types of military and civilian intellectuals and thinkers for the state.
  2. Proper utilization of the individuals’ unused capabilities.
  3. Precision in performing tasks, and using collective views on completing a job from all aspects, not just one.
  4. Controlling the work and not fragmenting it or deviating from it.
  5. Achieving long-term goals such as the establishment of an Islamic state and short-term goals such as operations against enemy individuals and sectors.
  6. Establishing the conditions for possible confrontation with
    the regressive regimes and their persistence.
  7. Achieving discipline in secrecy and through tasks.

SECOND LESSON

NECESSARY QUALIFICATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR THE ORGANIZATION’S MEMBER

Necessary Qualifications fro the Organization’s members

1- Islam:

The member of the Organization must be Moslem. How can an
unbeliever, someone from a revealed religion [Christian,
Jew], a secular person, a communist, etc. protect Islam and
Moslems and defend their goals and secrets when he does not
believe in that religion [Islam]? The Israeli Army requires
that a fighter be of the Jewish religion. Likewise, the
command leadership in the Afghan and Russian armies requires
any one with an officer’s position to be a member of the communist party.

2- Commitment to the Organization’s Ideology:

This commitment frees the Organization’smembers from conceptional problems.

3 – Maturity:

The requirements of military work are numerous, and a minor
cannot perform them. The nature of hard and continuous work
in dangerous conditions requires a great deal of
psychological, mental, and intellectual fitness, which are
not usually found in a minor. It is reported that Ibn Omar – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “During Ahad [battle] when I was fourteen years of age, I was submitted
[as a volunteer] to the prophet – God bless and keep him.
He refused me and did not throw me in the battle. During
Khandak [trench] Day [battle] when I was fifteen years of
age, I was also submitted to him, and he permitted me [to fight].

4- Sacrifice:

He [the member] has to be willing to do the work and undergo martyrdom for the purpose of achieving the goal and establishing the religion of majestic Allah on earth.

5- Listening and Obedience:

In the military, this is known today as discipline. It is
expressed by how the member obeys the orders given to him.
That is what our religion urges. The Glorious says, “O, ye
who believe! Obey Allah and obey the messenger and those
charged with authority among you.” In the story of Hazifa
Ben Al-Yaman – may Allah have mercy on him – who was
exemplary in his obedience to Allah’s messenger – Allah
bless and keep him. When he [Mohammed] – Allah bless and
keep him – sent him to spy on the Kureish and their allies
during their siege of Madina, Hazifa said, “As he
[Mohammed] called me by name to stand, he said, ‘Go get me
information about those people and do not alarm them about me.’

As I departed, I saw Abou Soufian and I placed an arrow in the bow. I [then] remembered the words of the messenger – Allah bless and keep him – ‘do not alarm them about me.’ If I had shot I would have hit him.”

6- Keeping Secrets and Concealing Information
[This secrecy should be used] even with the closest people,
for deceiving the enemies is not easy. Allah says, “Even
though their plots were such that as to shake the hills!
[Koranic verse].” Allah’s messenger – God bless and keep
him – says, “Seek Allah’s help in doing your affairs in
secrecy.”

It was said in the proverbs, “The hearts of freemen are the
tombs of secrets” and “Moslems’ secrecy is faithfulness,
and talking about it is faithlessness.” [Mohammed] – God
bless and keep him – used to keep work secrets from the
closest people, even from his wife A’isha- may Allah’s
grace be on her.

7-Free of Illness

The Military Organization’s member must fulfill this
important requirement. Allah says, “There is no blame for
those who are infirm, or ill, or who have no resources to
spend.”

8-Patience

[The member] should have plenty of patience for [enduring]
afflictions if he is overcome by the enemies. Be should
not abandon this great path and sell himself and his
religion to the enemies for his freedom. He should be
patient in performing the work, even if it lasts a long time.

9-Tranquility and “Unflappability”

[The member] should have a calm personality that allows him
to endure psychological traumas such as thoseinvolving
bloodshed, murder, arrest, imprisonment, and reverse
psychological traumas such as killing one or all of his
Organization’s comrades. [He should be able] to carry out the work.

10-Intelligence and Insight

When the prophet – Allah bless and keep him – sent Hazifa
Ben Al-Yaman to spy on the polytheist and [Hafiza] sat
among them, Abou Soufian said, “Let each one of you look at
his companion.” Hazifa said to his companion, ‘Who are
you?” The companion replied, “So-and-so son of so-and-so.”

In World War I, the German spy, Julius Seelber [PH]managed
to enter Britain and work as a mail examiner due to the
many languages he had mastered. From the letters, he
succeeded in obtaining important information and sent it to
the Germans. One of the letters that he checked was from a
lady who had written to her brother’s friend in the fleet.
She mentioned that her brother used to live with her until
he was transferred to a secret project that involved
commercial ships. When Seelber read that letter, he went
to meet that young woman and blamed her for her loose
tongue in talking about military secrets. He, skillfully,
managed to draw out of her that her brother worked in a
secret project for arming old commercial ships. These
ships were to be used as decoys in the submarine war in
such a way that they could come close to the submarines, as
they appeared innocent. Suddenly, cannonballs would be
fired from the ships’s hidden cannons on top of the ships,
which would destroy the submarines. 48 hours later that
secret was handed to the Germans.

11-Caution and Prudence

In his battle against the king of Tomedia [PH], the Roman
general Speer [PH]sent an emissary to discuss with that
king the matter of truce between the two armies. In
reality, he had sent him to learn about the Tomedians’
ability to fight. The general picked, Lilius [PH], one of
his top commanders, for that task and sent with him some of
his officers, disguised as slaves. During that mission,
one of the king’s officers, Sifax [PH]pointed to one of
the [disguised] slaves and yelled, “That slave is a Roman
officer I had met in a neighboring city. He was wearing a
Roman uniform.” At that point, Lilius used a clever trick
and managed to divert the attention of the Tomedians from
that by turning to the disguised officer and quickly
slapping him on the face a number of times. He reprimanded
him for wearing a Roman officer’s uniform when he was a
slave and for claiming a status that he did not deserve.

The officer accepted the slaps quietly. He bowed his head
in humility and shame, as slaves do. Thus, Sifax men
thought that officer was really a slave because they could
not imagine that a Roman officer would accept these hits
without defending himself.

King Sifax prepared a big feast for Lilius and his
entourage and placed them in a house far away from his camp
so they could not learn about his fortifications. They
[the Romans] made another clever trick on top of the first
one. They freed one of their horses and started chasing
him in and around the camp. After they learned about the
extent of the fortifications they caught the horse and, as
planned, managed to abort their mission about the truce
agreement. Shortly after their return, the Roman general
attacked King Sifax’ camp and burned the fortifications.
Sifax was forced to seek reconciliation.

B. There was a secret agent who disguised himself as an American fur merchant. As the agent was playing cards aboard a boat with some passengers, one of the players asked him about his profession. He replied that he was a “fur merchant.” The women showed interest [in him] and began asking the agent – the disguised fur merchant – many questions about the types and prices of fur. He mentioned fur price figures that amazed the women. They started avoiding and regarding him with suspicion, as though he were a thief, or crazy.

12-Truthfulness and Counsel

The Commander of the faithful, Omar Ibn Al-Khattab – may
Allah be pleased with him – asserted that this
characteristic was vital in those who gather information
and work as spies against the Moslems’ enemies. He [Omar]
sent a letter to Saad Ibn Abou Wakkas – may Allah be
pleased with him – saying, “If you step foot on your
enemies’ land, get spies on them. Choose those whom you
count on for their truthfulness and advice, whether Arabs
or inhabitants of that land. Liars’ accounts would not
benefit you, even if some of them were true; the deceiver
is a spy against you and not for you.

13-Ability to Observe and Analyze

The Israeli Mossad received news that some Palestinians
were going to attack an Israeli El Al airplane. That plane
was going to Rome with Golda Meir – Allah’s curse upon her – the Prime Minister at the time, on board. The Palestinians had managed to use a clever trick that allowed
them to wait for the arrival of the plane without being
questioned by anyone. They had beaten a man who sold
potatoes, kidnaped him, and hidden him. They made two
holes in the top of that peddler’s cart and placed two
tubes next to the chimney through which two Russian-made
“Strella” [PH]missiles could be launched. The Mossad
officers traveled the airport back and forth looking for
that lead them to the Palestinians. One officer passed the
potato cart twice without noticing anything. On his third
time, he noticed three chimneys, but only one of them was
working with spoke coming out of it. He quickly steered
toward the cart and hit it hard. The cart overturned, and
the Palestinians were captured.’

14- Ability to Act, Change Positions and Conceal Oneself

a.  [An example] is what Noaim Ibn Masoud had done in his
mission to cause agitation among the tribes of Koraish,
those of Ghatfan, and the Jews of Koreitha. He would
control his reactions and managed to skillfully play his
role. Without showing signs of inconsistency, he would
show his interest and zeal towards the Jews one time and
show his concern about the Koraish at another.

b.  In 1960, a car driven by an American colonel collided
with a truck. The colonel lost consciousness, and while
unconscious at the hospital, he started speaking Russian fluently. It was later discovered that the colonel was a Soviet spy who was planted in the United States. He had
fought in Korea in order to conceal his true identity and
to gather information and critical secrets. If not for the
collision, no one would have suspected or confronted him.


  1. This story is found in the book A’n Tarik Al-Khida’ “By Way of
    Deception Methods,” by Victor Ostrovsky [PH]. The author claims
    that the Mossad wants to kill him for writing that book.
    However, I believe that the book was authorized by the Israeli Mossad.

THIRD LESSON

COUNTERFEIT CURRENCY AND FORGED DOCUMENTS
Financial Security Precautions:

  1. Dividing operational funds into two parts: One part is to be invested in projects that offer financial return, and the other is to be saved and not spent except during operations.
  2. Not placing operational funds [all] in one place.
  3. Not telling the Organization members about the location of the funds.
  4. Having proper protection while carrying large amounts of money.
  5. Leaving the money with non-members and spending it as needed.

Forged Documents (IdentityCards, Records Books, Passports) The following security precautions should be taken:

  1. Keeping the passport in a safe place so it would not be
    ceized by the security apparatus, and the brother it
    belongs to would have to negotiate its return (I’ll give
    you your passport if you give me information)
  2. All documents of the undercover brother, such as identity
    cards and passport, should be falsified.
  3. When the undercover brother is traveling with a certain
    identity card or passport, he should know all pertinent
    [information] such as the name, profession, and place of
    residence.
  4. The brother who has special work status (commander,
    communication link,…) should have more than one identity
    card and passport. He should learn the contents of each,
    the nature of the [indicated] profession, and the dialect
    of the residence area listed in thedocument.
  5. The photograph of the brother in these documents should be
    without a beard. It is preferable that the brother’s
    public photograph [on these documents] be also without a
    beard. If he already has one [document] showing a
    photograph with a beard, he should replace it.
  6. When using an identity document in different names, no more
    than one such document should be carried at one time.
  7. The validity of the falsified travel documents should
    always be confirmed.
  8. All falsification matters should be carried out through the
    command and not haphazardly (procedure control)
  9. Married brothers should not add their wives to their
    passports.
  10. When a brother is carrying the forged passport of a certain
    country, he should not travel to that country. It is easy
    to detect forgery at the airport, and the dialect of the
    brother is different from that of the people from that
    country.

Security Precautions Related to the Organizations’ Given Names:

  1. The name given by the Organization [to the brother] should not be odd in comparison with other names used around him.
  2. A brother should not have more than one name in the area where he lives {the undercover work place)

FOURTH LESSON

Organization

MILITARY BASES “APARTMENTS -HIDING PLACES”

Definition of Bases:

These are apartments, hiding places, command centers, etc. in which secret operations are executed against the enemy.

These bases may be in cities, and are [then] called homes or apartments. They may be in mountainous, harsh terrain far from the enemy, and are [then] called hiding places or bases.

During the initial stages, the Military Organization usually uses apartments in cities as places for launching assigned missions, such as collecting information, observing members of the ruling regime, etc.

Hiding places and bases in mountains and harsh terrain are used at later stages, from which Jihad [holy war] groups are dispatched to execute assassination operations of enemy individuals, bomb their centers, and capture their weapons. In some Arab countries such as Egypt, where there are no mountains or harsh terrain, all stages of Jihad work would take place in cities. The opposite was true in Afghanistan, where initially Jihad work was in the cities, then the warriors shifted to mountains and harsh terrain. There, they started battling the Communists.

Security Precautions Related to Apartments:

  1. Choosing the apartment carefully as far as the location, the size for the work necessary (meetings,storage, arms, fugitives, work preparation).
  2. It is preferable to rent apartments on the ground floor to facilitate escape and digging of trenches.
  3. Preparing secret locations in the apartment for securing documents, records, arms, and other important items.
  4. Preparing ways of vacating the apartment in case of a surprise attack (stands,wooden ladders).
  5. Under no circumstances should any one know about the apartment except those who use it.
  6. Providing the necessary cover for the people who frequent the apartment (students,workers, employees, etc.)
  7. Avoiding seclusion and isolation from the population and refraining from going to the apartment at suspicious times.
  8. It is preferable to rent these apartments using false names, appropriate cover, and non-Moslem appearance.
  9. A single brother should not rent more than one apartment in the same area, from the same agent, or using the same rental office.
  10. Care should be exercised not to rent apartments that are known to the security apparatus [such as] those used for immoral or prior Jihad activities.
  11. Avoiding police stations and government buildings. Apartments should not be rented near those places.
  12. When renting these apartments, one should avoid isolated or deserted locations so the enemy would not be able to catch those living there easily.
  13. It is preferable to rent apartments in newly developed areas where people do not know one another. Usually, in older quarters people know one another and strangers are easily identified, especially since these quarters have many informers.
  14. Ensuring that there is has been no surveillance prior to the members entering the apartment.
  15. Agreement among those living in the apartment on special ways of knocking on the door and special signs prior to entry into the building’s main gate to indicate to those who wish to enter that the place is safe and not being monitored. Such signs include hanging out a towel, opening a curtain, placing a cushion in a special way, etc.
  16. If there is a telephone in the apartment, calls should be answered in an agreed-upon manner among those who use the apartment. That would prevent mistakes that would, otherwise, lead to revealing the names and nature of the
    occupants.
  17. For apartments, replacing the locks and keys with new ones. As for the other entities (camps,shops, mosques), appropriate security precautions should be taken depending on the entity’s importance and role in the work.
  18. Apartments used for undercover work should not be visible from higher apartments in order not to expose the nature of the work.
  19. In a newer apartment, avoid talking loud because prefabricated ceilings and walls [used in the apartments] do not have the same thickness as those in old ones.
  20. It is necessary to have at hand documents supporting the undercover [member]. In the case of a physician, there should be an actual medical diploma, membership in the [medical] union, the government permit, and the rest of the routine procedures known in that country.
  21. The cover should blend well [with the environment]. For example, selecting a doctor’s clinic in an area where there are clinics, or in a location suitable for it.
  22. The cover of those who frequent the location should match the cover of that location. For example, a common laborer should not enter a fancy hotel because that would be suspicious and draw attention.

SOURCE: US Justice Department

Categories: Terrorism

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