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- Adoption: Institutes of Justinian - Adoption takes place in two ways, either by imperial rescript, or by the authority of the magistrate. The imperial rescript gives power to adopt persons of either sex who are sui juris;
- Divisions of Things: Institutes of Justinian - Things are sacred which have been duly consecrated by the pontiffs, as sacred buildings and offerings, properly dedicated to the service of God, which we have forbidden by our constitutio to be sold or mortgaged, except for the purposes of purchasing the freedom of captives.
- Guardianship: Institutes of Justinian - Guardianship Let us now proceed to another division of persons. Of those who are not in the power of a parent, some are under a tutor, some under a curator, some under neither. Let us treat, then, of the class of those persons who are under a tutor or curator; for we shall thus ascertain who are they who are […]
- Incorporeal Things: Institutes of Justinian - Incorporeal Things Certain things, again, are corporeal, others incorporeal. 1. Corporeal things are those which are by their nature tangible, as land, a slave, a garment, gold, silver, and other things innumerable. 2. Incorporeal things are those which are not tangible, such as are those which consist of a right, as an inheritance, a usufructus, usus, or obligations in whatever […]
- Justice and Law: Institutes of Justinian - I. Justice and Law. Justice is the constant and perpetual wish to render every one his due. Jurisprudence is the knowledge of things divine and human; the science of the just and the unjust. Having explained these general terms, we think we shall commence our exposition of the law of the Roman people most advantageously, if we pursue at first […]
- Marriage: Institutes of Justinian - Marriage Roman citizens are bound together in lawful matrimony when they are united according to law, the males having attained the age of puberty, and the females a marriageable age, whether they are fathers or sons of a family; but, of the latter, they must first obtain the consent of their parents, in whose power they are. For both natural […]
- Natural, Common, and Civil Law: Institutes of Justinian - The people of Rome, then, are governed partly by their own laws, and partly by the laws which are common to all mankind.
- Slaves:Institutes of Justinian - Slaves. We now come to another division relative to the rights of persons; for some persons are independent, some are subject to the power of others. Of those, again, who are subject to others, some are in the power of parents, others in that of masters. Let us first treat of those who are subject to others; for, when we […]