The Patents Act, 1970 was amended in 1999, 2002 and finally in 2005 to provide for product patents in chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and agro-chemicals and bring in other necessary amendments in line with Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Patents Rules have been commensurately amended, initially as Patent Rules, 2003, which were further amended in 2005, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017 and 2019. India became signatory to Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) in 1998. Consequently, patent filing in India, including National Phase applications under PCT, has increased exponentially. Indian Patent Office is a major PCT filing country and also functions as ISA/IPEA under PCT.

Objective questions – Arbitration and Conciliation Act-1996 (MCQs)-1st Set

The Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 Arbitration MCQs 1.Delay, unpredictability and cost are considered as three main enemies of efficient administration of justice. a. yesb. noc. can not be said 2-The litigants are always interested in substantive justice and not…

MCQs on Crime and Criminology-2nd Set

Criminology consists of three principal divisions, as follows; [a) the sociology of law, which is an attempt at scientific analysis of the conditions under which criminal laws develop and which is seldom included in general books on criminology; (b) criminal aetiology, which is an attempt at scientific analysis of the causes of crime; and c) penology, which is concerned with the control of crime. The term “penology” is unsatisfactory because this division includes many methods of control which are not penal in character.

MCQs on Crime and Criminology-1st Set

Criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. It includes within its scope the proce.sses of making laws, of breaking laws, and of reacting toward the breaking of laws.  These processes are three aspects of a somewhat unified sequence of interactions. 


 DV act applies to Only the victim of the violenceall women who are subject of 125 Cr.P.CAll women who are not staying with the husbandwomen who are victim of violence within the family Aggrieved Person includeswoman having domestic relationshipA woman in live-…