Objective [MCQ] Sample Questions on Mohamedan Law

Choose one correct answer from the given options

The four schools of thought were founded during the reign of

(a) Abbasids

(b) Mughals

(c) Fatimids

(d) None of these

Status of a Mufti used to be that of a

(a) Draftsman

(b) Legislator

(c) Law Officer

(d) None of these

 System developed by the Muslim doctors is

Mohammedan law

Fiqh

Muslim law

all the above.

Istihsan means:

(a) Preference of stronger evidence over analogy

(b) Preference over Ijtihad.

(c) Preference over Qiyas.

(d) None

The term Fiqa used in the literal sense means:

(a) Law

(b) Understanding

(c) People’s opinion

Analogy is rule of

(a) Deduction

(b) Interpretation

(c) Translation

(d) None of these

Muta under Mohammedan law means

a temporary marriage

a permanent marriage

a joint venture marriage

an illegal marriage.

A marriage with a woman before completion of her Iddat is

(a) Irregular

(b) Void

(c) Voidable

(d) None of these

Muta marriages are allowed today by the

Sunnite Schools of Mohammedan law

Shiites Schools of Mohammedan law

Ithna Ashari School of Mohammedan Law

all the above.

Muta marriages are considered to be illicit by

Sunnite School of Mohammedan law

Ismailis

Zaydis

all the above.

Islam in Arabic means

submission to the will of God

deliberate adoption of a new faith

adoption of the faith of Islam

all the above.

Legal capacity (ahliyya) in Islamic law is divided into

  1. Ahliyya al-ada and ahliyya al-wafa
  2. Ahliyya al-wujoob and ahliyya al-haqq
  3. Ahliyya al-wujoob and ahliyya al-ada
  4. None of these

Failing the mother, the custody of a boy under the age of seven years belongs to:

(a) Father

(b) Paternal uncle

(c) Brother’s wife

(d) None of these

 Hadith is

are the very words of God

are the traditions of the Prophet – the records of his action and his sayings

are the dictates of secular reason in accordance with certain definite principles

all the above.

According to Shariat the kinds of religious injunctions are

nine

seven

five

three.

Formal sources of Islamic law are

two

four

six

seven.

Islamic law is formally contained in

Koran

Hadith

Ijma & Kiyas

all the above.

A woman may be a Qadi/Kaji according to:

(a) Malikis

(b) Hanafis

(c) Hamblis

(d) None of these

Mohammedan law applies to

all persons who are Muslims by birth

all persons who are Muslims by conversion

all persons who are Muslims either by birth or by conversion

all persons who are Muslims by birth only and not to Muslims by conversion.

According to the Shariat, if one of the parents is a Muslim, the child is to be treated as

a Muslim

belonging to the religion of the father

belonging to the religion of the mother

belonging to the religion mutually agreed by the parents.

In India, if one of the parents is a Muslim, the child is to be treated as

belonging to the religion of the mother

belonging to the religion of the father

belonging to the religion mutually agreed by the parents

a Muslim.

Marriage in Islam is

a contract

a sacrament

a contract as well as a sacrament

either a contract or a sacrament.

Islamic law provides for

monogamy

unlimited polygamy

controlled polygamy

bigamy.

In Mohammedan law marriage is a

contract for the legalisation of intercourse and the procreation of children

contract for the procreation of children

contract for legalisation of intercourse

contract for different forms of sex relationship.

Under Islamic Law a child is legitimate if born after the dissolution of marriage and wife remaining unmarried:

(a) Within one year of the termination of marriage

(b) Within 280 days of the termination of marriage

(c) Within six months of the termination of marriage

(d) None of these

Essential requirements of Muslim marriage are

ijab

qabul

both ijab and qabul

either ijab or qabul.

Witnesses to the marriage have been provided under

Hanafi law

Shiite law

both (a) and (b)

neither (a) nor (b).

Marriage under Hanafi law must be

performed before

two witnesses

three witnesses

four witnesses

six witnesses.

Shiite law provides that

marriage must be performed before one witness

marriage must be performed before two witnesses

marriage must be performed before one male & one female witness

for the marriage witnesses are not necessary.

For a valid Muslim marriage

offer and acceptance must be at the same time

offer and acceptance must be at the same place

offer and acceptance must be at the same time and place

offer and acceptance may be at different times and at different places.

Under Mohammedan law legal

incompetency to marriage means

minority

unsoundness of mind

both minority as well as unsoundness of mind

only unsoundness of mind & not minority.

In cases of legal incompetency in

Mohammedan law

the guardians can validly enter into a contract of marriage on behalf of their wards

the guardians of a female only can validly enter into a contract of marriage on behalf of the female

the guardians of a male only can validly enter into a contract of marriage on behalf of the male

the guardians cannot validly enter into a contract of marriage on behalf of their wards.

In Muslim law, the majority is attained at

the age of 12 years

the age of 9 years

the age of 18 years

the puberty.

A marriage entered into by a girl while she has not attained puberty under Muslim law is a

valid marriage

void marriage

voidable marriage

either (a) or (c).

A marriage contracted by the guardian of a girl, while she has not attained the puberty is a

valid marriage

valid marriage but the minor girl has a right to repudiate the marriage on attaining majority

void marriage

either (a) or (c).

Option of puberty means

a Muslim minor girl married during minority by a guardian has a right to repudiate such marriage on attaining puberty

a Muslim minor girl married during minority by a guardian has no right to repudiate such marriage on attaining puberty

a Muslim minor girl married during minority by a guardian has a right to repudiate such marriage on attaining puberty only with the permission of the court

a Muslim minor girl married during minority by a guardian can repudiate such marriage with the consent of her husband.

‘The option of puberty’ can be exercised by the female before attaining the age of

21 years

18 years

15 years [clarification  age of puberty is 15]

either (a) or (b) or (c).

Consummation of marriage before the age of puberty

deprives the wife of her option of puberty always

deprives the wife of her option of puberty only under certain circumstances

does not deprive the wife of her option of puberty

either (a) or (b).

Option of puberty is lost

on consummation after attaining puberty

on non-repudiation of marriage before attaining the age of 18 years

both (a) and (b)

only (b) and not (a).

Option of puberty is available to

wife only

husband only

wife and husband both

only wife and not husband.

Husband married during minority

has the same right to dissolve the marriage, but there is no statutory period within which he must exercise such right

has the same right to dissolve the marriage, and has to exercise that right before attaining the age of 15 years

has the same right to dissolve the marriage and has to exercise that right before attaining the age of 18 years

has the same right to dissolve the marriage and has to exercise that right before attaining the age of 21 years.

Husband married during minority loses his

right to repudiate the marriage on

payment of dower

cohabitation after attaining majority

either (a) or (b)

neither (a) nor (b).

Mere exercise of the option to repudiate the marriage

severes the marital tie

does not severe the marital tie

may severe the marital tie if consented to by the other party

either (a) or (c).

Zina in Mohammedan law means

Sexual intercourse not permitted by law

sexual intercourse permitted by law

fornication or adultery

both (a) and (c).

Offsprings of ‘Zina’ are

illegitimate and can be legitimated by acknowledgement

illegitimate and cannot be legitimated by acknowledgement

legitimate

either (a) or (c).

In Mohammedan law, a marriage may be

sahih

fasid

batil

either (a) or (b) or (c).

Main limitations to the capacity of a Muslim to marry are

three

five

seven

eight.

A Muslim can marry any number of wives not exceeding

four

three

two

one.

A Muslim can marry any number of wives not exceeding four. If a Muslim marries a fifth wife, such a marriage shall be

valid

irregular

void

either (a) or (c).

If a Muslim woman marries a second husband, such a marriage shall be

valid

irregular

void

either (b) or (c).

Offsprings of a Muslim woman marrying second husband shall be

legitimate

illegitimate but can be legitimised by subsequent acknowledgement

illegitimate and cannot be legitimised by any subsequent acknowledgement

either (a) or (b).

Muslims belonging to different schools of Mohammedan law

may intermarry freely with one another

cannot intermarry freely with one another

cannot intermarry at all

can intermarry with one another only with the consent of the Qazi.

‘Kitabi’ and ‘Kitabiyya’ refer to

a man and a woman respectively

a woman and a man respectively

a woman

a man.

In India, the terms ‘Kitabi’ or ‘Kitabiyya’ applies to

Christians

Jews

both Christians and Jews

only Christians and not Jews.

A man in Hanafi law can marry

a Muslim woman

a Kitabiyya

either (a) or (b)

only (a) and not (b).

A man in Shiite law can marry in the nikah

a Muslim woman

a Kitabiyya

either (a) or (b)

only (a) and not (b).

A Muslim man cannot marry

a Muslim woman

a Jews

a Christian

an idolateress or a fire-worshipper.

Marriage of a Muslim man with an idolateress or a fire-worshipper shall be

void

irregular

valid

either (b) or (c).

A Muslim woman can marry

a Muslim man

a Kitabi

either (a) or (b)

both (a) and (b).

Marriage of a Muslim woman with a non- Muslim shall be

valid

irregular

void

either (a) or (b).

On the apostasy of one of the parties to the marriage, a Muslim marriage

stands dissolved automatically

remains valid

becomes irregular

stands dissolved after the decree of the court.

In Muslim Law marriage with a woman prohibited by reason of blood relationship is

valid & the issue legitimate

irregular & the issue legitimate

void but the issue legitimate

void and the issue illegitimate.

A marriage of a Muslim man with his niece or great niece is

void

irregular

valid

muta.

A Muslim is prohibited from marrying his sister who is related to him

by full blood

by uterine blood

a consanguine

all the above.

A marriage of a Muslim with a woman prohibited by reason of affinity shall be

irregular

void

valid

either (a) or (b).

A Muslim can marry the

descendant of a wife, if the marriage with that wife has not been consummated

descendant of a wife, if the marriage with that wife has been consummated

descendant of a wife irrespective of whether the marriage with that wife has been consummated or not

descendant of a wife only with the leave of the Qazi.

A marriage with foster relations is

prohibited absolutely

permitted absolutely

prohibited generally except certain foster relations

either (b) or (c).

A marriage forbidden by reason of foster age is

irregular

void

valid

either (a) or (c).

With whom amongst the following a valid marriage can be contracted

foster-son’s sister

foster-brother’s sister

foster-sister’s mother

all the above.

With whom a valid marriage can be contracted by a Muslim

ascendants or descendants of his wife

the wife of any ascendant or descendant

either (a) or (b)

neither (a) nor (b).

A Muslim can contract a valid marriage with

his consanguine or uterine sister

his niece

both (a) and (b)

neither (a) nor (b).

Unlawful conjunction arises when a Muslim marries two wives who are related to each other by

consanguinity

affirmity

forsterage

either (a) or (b) or (c).

A Muslim is prevented from marrying his wife’s sister

during the subsistence of marriage with his wife

after the death of his wife

after the divorce of his wife

all the above.

Under Hanafi law, disregard to the bar of unlawful conjunction renders the marriage

valid & issues legitimate

irregular & issues legitimate

void & issues illegitimate

void but issues legitimate.

Shia law does not provide for

valid marriage

irregular marriage

void marriage

either (a) or (b) or (c).

Marriages which are irregular under the Sunni law, under the Shia law, the same are

void marriages

valid marriages

voidable marriages

either valid or void as decided by the Qazi.

A Muslim marriage is void when the prohibition against marriage is

perpetual and absolute

temporary and relative

either (a) or (b)

both (a) and (b).

An irregular marriage can be terminated

by the wife

by the husband

either by the wife or by the husband

only by the husband and not the wife.

An irregular marriage can be terminated

before consummation

after consummation

either before or after consummation

only before consummation & not after consummation.

An irregular marriage can be terminated

by saying ‘I have relinquished you’

by divorce

by the intervention of the court

by either (a) or (b) or (c).

In an irregular marriage, the wife

is entitled to dower if the marriage is consummated before termination

is entitled to dower if the marriage is not consummated before termination

is entitled to dower irrespective of whether consummated or not

not entitled to dower at all.

A wife of an irregular marriage is

not bound to observe the iddat at all

is bound to observe the iddat in case of death of the husband

is bound to observe the iddat in case of divorce

is bound to observe iddat in case of death of the husband or divorce if the marriage is consummated.

In an irregular marriage, the duration of iddat is

four courses

three courses

two courses

one course.

An irregular marriage

creates mutual rights of inheritance between husband and wife, if the marriage is consummated

creates mutual rights of inheritance between husband and wife, if the marriage is not consummated

does not create mutual rights of inheritance between husband and wife, irrespective of whether the marriage is consummated or not

does not create mutual rights of inheritance between husband and wife, if the marriage is not consummated.

In the absence of a direct proof of a valid marriage, a presumption of a valid marriage arises

where there is a prolonged and continuous cohabitation as husband and wife

where a man acknowledges the woman as his wife

where a man acknowledges the issue of the union as legitimate

either (a) or (b) or (c).

Which of the following is not a legal effect of a valid Muslim marriage

status of woman changes and she is subjected to the husband’s school of law

status of woman does not change and she is subject to her own pre-marital school of law

neither the husband nor the wife acquires any interest in the property of the other by reason of marriage

Mutual rights of inheritance are established.

A Shia male cannot contract a muta marriage with

a Mohammedan woman

a Christian woman

a fire-worshipper woman

any other religion.

A Muslim woman can contract a muta marriage with a

Mohammedan

Kitabi

a fire-worshipper

either (a) or (b) or (c).

A valid muta marriage must

prescribe the period of cohabitation

specify the dower

both (a) and (b)

either (a) or (b).

A marriage contracted as muta, shall be void

if prescribes the period of cohabitation but does not specify the dower

if does not prescribe the period of cohabitation but specifies the dower

both (a) and (b)

only (b) and not (a).

A marriage contracted as muta specifying the dower, but not prescribing the period of cohabitation

shall be void

may operate as a permanent marriage

shall be presumed to be for a period of one year

shall be presumed to be for a period of three years.

Each heir is liable to the debts of a deceased

(a) Exclusively

(b) Severally

(c) Not beyond 1/3

(d) None of these

A contract of muta marriage can be put to an end by the husband

by divorce

by hiba-i-muddat

by both (a) and (b)

by either (a) or (b).

During the term of muta marriage

husband has a right to divorce

wife has a right to divorce

husband and the wife both have a right to divorce

neither the husband nor the wife has a right to divorce.

In a muta marriage, the wife

has a right to leave the husband before the expiry of the term

has a right to leave the husband before the expiry of the term only with the permission of the Qazi

has a right to leave the husband before the expiry of the term only with the permission of the court

has no right to leave the husband before the expiry of the term.

A muta marriage is dissolved

ipso-facto by the efflux of the period

by death

by hiba-e-muddat

either (a) or (b) or (c).

On consummation of a muta marriage, the wife is entitled to

Half dower

full dower

double dower

no dower.

If a muta marriage is not consummated, the wife is entitled to

no dower

one third dower

half dower

full dower.

If the husband puts to an end the muta marriage by way of hiba-e-muddat

wife is entitled to full dower

wife is entitled to double dower

husband has a right to deduct the proportionate part of the dower for the unexpired period

husband has a discretion to fix and give the dower according to the circumstances.

In case the wife leaves the husband before the expiry of the term of the muta marriage

wife is entitled to full dower

wife is entitled to half dower

husband has a discretion to fix and give the dower according to the circumstances

husband has a right to deduct the proportionate part of the dower for the unexpired period.

On the expiry of the term of muta marriage the wife is

not bound to observe iddat

bound to observe iddat if the marriage has been consummated

bound to observe iddat if the marriage has not been consummated.

bound to observe iddat irrespective of whether the marriage has been consummated or not.

No iddat is necessary, in case of a muta marriage

where the marriage has not been consummated

where the husband puts to an end the contract of marriage by hiba-e-muddat

where the wife leaves the husband before the expiry of the term of cohabitation

all the above.

Period of iddat prescribed in cases of dissolution of muta marriage is

four courses and 10 days

four courses

three courses

two courses.

If there is evidence of the term for which the muta marriage was fixed and cohabitation continues after that term

cohabitation after the expiry of the term shall be void

muta marriage stands extended for the whole period of cohabitation

children conceived during the extended period shall be illegitimate

both (a) & (c) are correct.

‘Dower’ under the Mohammedan law has been defined as a sum of money or other property presented by the husband to be paid or delivered to the wife in consideration of marriage by

Robertson Smith

Ameer Ali

Justice Mahmood

Hamilton.

Revelation is the ______ source of Islamic law

(a) Only

(b) Secondary

(c) Primary

(d) None of these

A gift to unborn person is

(a) Valid

(b) Void

(c) Voidable

(d) None of these