Suit, appeal and second appeal have to be regarded as one legal proceeding

The Supreme Court in Garikapatti Veeraya Vs. N. Subbiah Choudhury, observed that the suit, appeal and second appeal were to be regarded as one legal proceeding. It laid down certain principles, all of which may not be quite relevant for the present case before me, but I am tempted to quote the same. These are :-(para 23).

“From the decisions cited above the following principles clearly emerge:- (i) That the legal pursuit of a remedy, suit, appeal and second appeal are really but steps in a series of proceedings all connected by an intrinsic unity and are to be regarded as one legal proceeding. (ii) The right of appeal is not a mere matter of procedure but is a substantive right. (iii) The institution of the suit carries with it the implication that all rights of appeal then in force are preserved to the parties thereto till the rest of the career of the suit. (iv) The right of appeal is a vested right and such a right to enter the superior Court accrues to the litigant and exists as on and from the date the lis commences and although it may be actually exercised when the adverse judgment is pronounced such right is to be governed by the law prevailing at the date of the institution of the suit or proceeding and not by the law that prevails at the date of its decision or at the date of the filing of the appeal. (v) This vested right of appeal can be taken away only by a subsequent enactment, if it so provides expressly or by necessary intendment and not otherwise.”