Indian Constitution and Governance » Revocation of Article 370 and Integration of Kashmir with India

Revocation of Article 370 and Integration of Kashmir with India


Google Search In connection with Google’s search results, the company will make changes to its algorithm. Google’s vice president of news Richard Gingras in his blog said that it would promote articles that demonstrated “original, in-depth and investigative reporting.”


Antibiotics-Use of antibiotics: In a study published on September 10, 2019 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, researchers at the University of British Columbia (UBC) found that use of fluoroquinolone antibiotics, such as Ciprofloxacin or Cipro, face a 2.4 times greater risk of developing aortic and mitral regurgitation, where the blood backflows into the heart, compared to patients who take amoxicillin, a different type of antibiotic. The greatest risk is within 30 days of use.


18 September 2019: The Pakistan government on Wednesday announced its decision not to grant permission for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to use Pakistani airspace for his flight to Germany.

14 September 2019: Pakistan is at its wit’s end about forcing an urgent debate or introducing a resolution at the session in Geneva. Barring China, other countries in the 47-member UNHRC haven’t expressed a demand for a debate on Kashmir while European nations have maintained radio silence on the issue.

13 September 2019:  Interior Minister of Imran Khan government, Brigadier (Retd) Ijaz Ahmed Shah has admitted that Pakistan has failed to garner support from the international community on the Kashmir issue, saying despite Islamabad’s efforts, the world “rather believes India’ . He made his comments while giving interview to Hum News channel on yesterday, Brig. Retd. Shah further said Pakistan’s ruling elite had destroyed the nation.

10 September 2019: The relationship between India and Pakistan is “less heated” now than what was two weeks ago, United States President Donald Trump has said, reiterating his offer to help the two South-Asian neighbours only if both of them want. The comments by Trump came two weeks after his meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the G7 summit in France on August 26.



  • Ayush visa for foreign nationals seeking treatment under Indian systems of medicine (02/08/2023) - Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi had announced a creation of a special Ayush Visa category for facilitating foreign nationals travel to India seeking Ayush therapy, at Global Ayush Investment and Innovation Summit (GAIIS) in Gandhinagar, Gujarat in April 2022.
  • भारत का संविधान - भारतीय संविधान-सभा ने एक प्रस्ताव द्वारा मुझे यह अधिकार दिया था कि मैं, अध्यक्ष की हैसियत से, संविधान का हिन्दी अनुवाद, २६ जनवरी, १९५० ई० तक, तथा, उस के बाद यथाशीघ्र अन्य भाषाओं में भी इस के अनुवाद प्रकाशित करा दूं। मझे यह वांछनीय प्रतीत हुआ कि विभिन्न भारतीय भाषाओं में संविधान के जो अनुवाद तैयार किये जायें उन सब में, अगर सम्भव हो तो, संविधान में प्रयुक्त अंग्रेजी शब्दों के लिये जिन का कि विशेष संविधानिक या कानूनी अर्थ है, एक ही पर्याय प्रयोग में लाये जायें। इस लिये मैंने भाषा-विशेषज्ञों का एक सम्मेलन बुलाया कि वह, जहां तक सम्भव हो, ऐसे पारिभाषिक शब्द प्रस्तुत करें जो प्रायः सर्वत्र प्रयुक्त होते हों और जिन को हम विभिन्न भाषाओं में निकलने वाले संविधान के अनुवादों में प्रयुक्त कर सकें और अन्ततोगत्वा जिनको हम अन्य सरकारी, कानूनी, अदालती और शासन सम्बन्धी कामों में भी प्रयुक्त कर सकें। यह सम्मेलन मध्य प्रांतीय विधान-सभा के अध्यक्ष श्री घनश्यामसिंह गुप्त के सभापतित्व में समवेत हुआ।
  • Indian Shipping Laws - Enactment Date Act Number Short Title Purpose and Gist 27-Aug-1838 19 The Coasting vessels Act, 1838 11-Feb-1873 08 The Northern India Canal and Drainage Act, 1873 15-Mar-1881 16 The Obstructions in Fairways Act, 1881 18-Dec-1908 15 The Indian Ports Act,
  • PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS LAWS OF INDIA - Enactment Date Act Number Short Title View 13-Feb-1857 05 The Oriental Gas Company Act, 1857 1-Mar-1867 11 The Oriental Gas Company Act, 1867 6-Sep-1934 30 The Petroleum Act, 1934 8-Sep-1948 53 The Oilfields (Regulation and Development) Act, 1948 7-Dec-1962 50
  • Road Transport and Highway Laws-India - Enactment Date Act Number Short Title Purpose and Gist 4-Jun-1851 08 The Indian Tolls Act, 1851 11-Apr-1856 09 The Indian Bills of Lading Act 1856 7-Jul-1861 16 The Stage-Carriages Act, 1861 24-Mar-1864 15 The Indian Tolls Act, 1864 9-Nov-1878 17
  • Mining Laws in India - Enactment Date Act Number Short Title Purpose and Gist 16-Oct-1885 18 The Land Acquisition (Mines) Act, 1885 28-Dec-1957 67 The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 7-Sep-1976 100 The Metal Corporation (Nationalisation and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1976 25-Dec-1983
  • Labour and Employment Laws-India - Enactment Date Act Number Short Title Purpose and Gist 5-Mar-1923 08 The Employees Compensation Act, 1923 27-Aug-1925 19 The Provident Funds Act, 1925 25-Mar-1926 16 The Trade Unions Act, 1926 23-Apr-1936 04 The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 23-Apr-1946 20


💡 Current Supreme Court Decisions

  • Rahimal Bathu & Ors. Vs Ashiyal Beevi (27/9/2023) - A revisional court not to entertain a revision against an order rejecting on merits an application for review of an appealable decree, which is, if the revisional court sets aside or modifies or alters a trial court's decree, the decree of the trial court would merge in the one passed by the revisional court. In consequence, the right of the party aggrieved by the trial court's decree to file an appeal would get affected.
  • Phulel Singh Vs. State of Haryana (27/09/2023) - The most glaring aspect that is required to be considered is that the High Court itself has disbelieved the dying declaration insofar as Jora Singh, father-in-law of the deceased is concerned. We fail to understand as to how the same dying declaration could have been made basis for conviction of the appellant when the same was disbelieved insofar as another accused is concerned.
  • Smt. Roopa Soni Vs. Kamalnarayan Soni (06/09/2023) - That the marriage has irretrievably broken down is to be factually determined and firmly established. For this, several factors are to be considered such as the period of time the parties had cohabited after marriage; when the parties had last cohabited; the nature of allegations made by the parties against each other and their family members; the orders passed in the legal proceedings from time to time, cumulative impact on the personal relationship; whether, and how many attempts were made to settle the disputes by intervention of the court or through mediation, and when the last attempt was made, etc.
  • Riya Bawri Etc. Vs. Mark Alexander Davidson & Ors (23/08/2023) - It is well settled that the final judgment of the trial Court will depend on the evidence adduced before it. As there are specific allegations against the respondent no.1 in the complaint and he was admittedly a partner in the partnership firm when the rent deed was executed, he is liable to face prosecution.
  • Sirajudheen Vs. Zeenath & Ors (27/02/2023) - Rule 23 of Order XLI CPC-In regard to the want of any particular evidence, we may observe in the passing that if the Court finds any particular evidence directly within the control and possession of a party having not been produced, the necessary consequences like those specified in illustration (g) to Section 114 of the Evidence Act (3) may follow but, merely because a particular evidence which ought to have been adduced but had not been adduced, the Appellate Court cannot adopt the soft course of remanding the matter.
  • Shelly Oberoi & Anr. Vs Office of Lieutenant Governor of Delhi & Ors (17/02/23) - Article 243R of the Constitution itself. Part IXA of the Constitution - Regulation 7 of the Delhi Municipal Corporation (Procedure and Conduct of Business) Regulations 1958 stipulates that as soon as the Mayor is elected, "he shall preside over the meeting for the transaction of the rest of the business thereof". Regulation 8 provides for the election of the Deputy Mayor and stipulates that the provisions of Regulation 6 shall apply, as far as may be, to the election of the Deputy Mayor, subject to the modification that any reference to the presiding authority shall be construed as a reference to the Mayor.
  • Ajay Dabra Vs. Pyare Ram & Ors (31/01/2023) - Ajay Dabra Vs. Pyare Ram & Ors.-The impugned order dismisses the delay condonation applications filed under Section 5 of the Limitation Act, 1963, declining to condone a delay of 254 days, because the reasons assigned for the condonation were not sufficient reasons for condonation of the delay.
  • Usha Chakraborty & Anr. Vs State of West Bengal & Anr (30/01/2023) - In order to cause registration of an F.I.R. and consequential investigation based on the same the petition filed under Section 156(3), Cr.P.C., must satisfy the essential ingredients to attract the alleged offences.
  • Deepak Gaba and Ors. Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh and Anr (02/01/2023) - In case of a private complaint, the Magistrate can issue summons when the evidence produced at the pre-summoning stage shows that there is sufficient ground for proceeding against the accused. The material on record should indicate that the ingredients for taking cognizance of an offence and issuing summons to the accused is made out.
  • Vivek Narayan Sharma Vs. Union of India (02/01/2023) - Important questions fall for consideration: "(i) Whether the notification dated 8th November 2016 is ultra vires Section 26(2) and Sections 7, 17, 23, 24, 29 and 42 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934; (ii) Does the notification contravene the provisions of Article 300A of the Constitution; (iii) Assuming that the notification has been validly issued under the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 whether it is ultra vires Articles 14 and 19 of the Constitution; (iv) Whether the limit on withdrawal of cash from the funds deposited in bank accounts has no basis in law and violates Articles 14, 19 and 21; (v) Whether the implementation of the impugned notification(s) suffers from procedural and/or substantive unreasonableness and thereby violates Articles 14 and 19 and, if so, to what effect? (vi) In the event that Section 26(2) is held to permit demonetization, does it suffer from excessive delegation of legislative power thereby rendering it ultra vires the Constitution; (vii) What is the scope of judicial review in matters relating to fiscal and economic policy of the Government; (viii) Whether a petition by a political party on the issues raised is maintainable under Article 32; and (ix) Whether District Co-operative Banks have been discriminated against by excluding them from accepting deposits and exchanging demonetized notes."

💡 Indian High Courts Decisions


💡 English Courts Decisions

  • BAHRAIN, EGYPT, SAUDI ARABIA AND UNITED ARAB EMIRATES v. QATAR-ICJ 14/07/2020 - Rejects the appeal brought by the Kingdom of Bahrain, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates on 4 July 2018 from the Decision of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization, dated 29 June 2018; Holds that the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization has jurisdiction to entertain the application submitted to it by the Government of the State of Qatar on 30 October 2017 and that the said application is admissible.
  • Supreme Court of Pakistan Quashed Reference filed by President of Pakistan against Justice Qazi Faez Isa-19/06/2020 - One of our pivotal Constitutional values is that the independence of judiciary shall be fully secured. The same Constitution also ordains that to enjoy the protection of law and to be treated in accordance with law is the inalienable right of every citizen. Therefore, it is reiterated that in our constitutional democracy, neither the petitioner judge, nor any other judge, or any individual or any institution, is above the law.
  • Aspen Underwriting Ltd and ors vs Credit Europe Bank NV- [2020] UKSC 11 (01/04/2020) - QUESTION: These appeals concern whether the High Court of England and Wales has jurisdiction to hear claims to recover sums paid under a settlement agreement relating to the loss of an insured vessel.ANSWER: The Supreme Court unanimously dismisses the Insurers’ appeal and allows the Bank’s appeal, declaring that the High Court does not have jurisdiction over any of the Insurers’ claims against the Bank. Lord Hodge gives the sole judgment with which the other Justices agree.
  • Vijay Mallya -v- Government of India- High Court Of Justice QB- 20/04/2020 - The GoI made an extradition request in respect of the Appellant, submitted on 9 February 2017, which was certified by the Secretary of State on 16 February 2017. We consider that while the scope of the prima facie case found by the SDJ is in some respects wider than that alleged by the Respondent in India, there is a prima facie case which, in seven important respects, coincides with the allegations in India.
  • THE GAMBIA v. MYANMAR-ICJ 23/01/2020 - Myanmar asserts that the allegations contained in the OIC documents and statements regarding the situation of the Rohingya mentioned by The Gambia could not give rise to a dispute between the Parties as they did not amount to allegations of violations of the Genocide Convention made by The Gambia . In this regard, Myanmar asserts that the allegations contained in the OIC documents and statements regarding the situation of the Rohingya mentioned by the Gambia could not give rise to a dispute between the Parties.